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Which Type Of Diabetes Is Insulin Dependent

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Insulin Dependent Diabetes (Type 1 Diabetes) : Causes, Diagnosis, Symptoms, Treatment, Prognosis

Although this might seem like a lot of work, the good news is that new products and equipment can help make it easier for kids to take care of their diabetes. Scientists are looking for ways to make it easier to check blood sugar levels and give insulin. They’re also trying to find ways to get insulin into the body without shots. And there’s hope that one day a cure will be found.

Even though kids with diabetes have to do some special things, it doesn’t keep them from doing the stuff they love. They can still play sports, go out with their friends, and go on trips. So if you have a friend with diabetes, let him or her know you can deal with it. Being friends is all about having fun together, not having a perfect pancreas!

Type 2 Diabetes Risk Factors

A number of factors my increase your risk of type 2 diabetes:

  • If other members of your family have Type 2 diabetes, this increases your risk of getting the condition.
  • If you are overweight you will significantly increase your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. Almost all those affected by this condition are overweight. Your waist measurement is a good yardstick of your weight.
  • If you have high blood pressure or increased amounts of lipids in the blood.
  • If you’ve had a blood clot in the arteries supplying the heart or a stroke.
  • If you’re on certain types of medications, especially corticosteroids or diuretics.
  • If you are South Asian or African Caribbean.

How Is It Diagnosed

  • Blood glucose levels: persistently elevated blood sugar levels are diagnostic of diabetes mellitus. A specific test called a glucose tolerance test may be performed. For this you need to be fasted and will be given a sugary drink. Your glucose level will then be measured at one and two hours after the doseto determine how welll your body copes with glucose.
  • Urine: glycosuria and ketonuria may be increased in diabetes mellitus.
  • Urea and electrolytes: changes in these values may reflect possible dehydration.

Where difficulty with diagnosis is present, other investigations may include:

  • Pancreatic islet cell autoantibody marker measurements: presence of islet cell autoantibodies is suggestive of type 1 DM.
  • Glycosylated haemoglobin : this is an indirect measure of long-term blood sugar levels. It is usually expressed as a percentage . It is used for monitoring of glycaemic control.

Recommended Reading: Non Diabetic A1c

What Is Insulin Dependent Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which your body does not respond properly to the hormone insulin. Type 2 diabetes usually develops over time due to genetics, age, stress, poor diet, or lack of exercise.

When your body does not respond properly to insulin , your blood sugar levels rise, leading to type 2 diabetes. While some type 2 diabetes can be prevented, most cases are caused by lifestyle factors like age, obesity, family history of diabetes, and ethnicity.

The vast majority of people with type 2 diabetes do not have any other risk factors. In fact, the only risk factor for type 2 diabetes that you can control is your weight. There are three primary forms of type 2 diabetes, but many people with type 2 diabetes do not know which type they have.

What do type 2 diabetes and obesity have in common?

Scientists now know that overweight and obesity are closely related. More than one third of the people living with type 2 diabetes have an excess body mass index over 30. Although a BMI of 35-40 is considered overweight, it is not considered obese.

Some people who live with diabetes have an increased risk of obesity as well as type 2 diabetes, while others are resistant to developing it. One factor that may explain their increased risk is type 2 diabetes-related inflammation.

What are the causes of type 2 diabetes?

There are a number of contributing factors to type 2 diabetes, including the following: High BMI . It can be calculated on the chart below. Overweight.

Types Of Insulin Where To Inject It And The Best Methods For Insulin Delivery

Insulin Dependent Diabetes

role of insulinshort- and long-term complicationsYour diabetes treatment team is there to help you.;Patients’ Guide to Managing Your Child’s Type 1 Diabetes

This article will provide a basic overview of insulin.;You can also visit our Patients’ Guide to Insulin for more information as well as read more in the section on Type 1 Diabetes Treatments, which has a chart providing more detail about the types of insulin that your doctor may prescribe.

Read Also: Perfect A1c Level

What Causes Glucose In The Urine

The kidneys filter waste products and excess water out of the blood. When the glucose in the blood is above normal level, the kidneys cant hold it all. The glucose then shows up in the urine. The glucose in the urine causes the urine output to increase in frequency and amount. This increase causes you to be thirstier.

Testing For Type 1 Diabetes

A;simple blood test will let you know if you have diabetes. If youve gotten your blood sugar tested at a health fair or pharmacy, follow up at a clinic or doctors office to make sure the results are accurate.

If your doctor thinks you have type 1 diabetes, your blood may also be tested for autoantibodies that are often present with type 1 diabetes but not with type 2. You may have your urine tested for ketones , which also indicate type 1 diabetes instead of type 2.

Read Also: How Often Should A Diabetic Check Their Blood Sugar

Type 2 Diabetes Prevention Tips

What can you do to avoid Type 2 diabetes?

âï¸ Try not to become overweight.

âï¸ Exercise regularly.

âï¸ Keep an eye on your weight and blood pressure. If you’re overweight, try to lose weight.

âï¸ Do all you can to keep your arteries and circulation healthy. If you smoke, now would be a good time to quit.

âï¸ Pay attention to the amount of cholesterol in your blood.

âï¸ Eat a healthy balanced diet with fibre, carbohydrates and not too much fat, sugar or salt.

âï¸ Keep an eye on your disease – especially signs of either high or low glucose levels.

âï¸ If you need insulin injections, learn how to administer them yourself.

âï¸ See your doctor on a regular basis for your health checks.

âï¸ See your doctor early on if you become unwell, because this might cause extra problems with your diabetes.

What Happens In Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes ( Insulin Dependent Diabetes )

The cause of diabetes is not known. Some experts believe diabetes is inherited , but the genetics are not clearly understood. Diabetes does not always run in families. The body mistakes the cells that produce insulin for foreign cells. The body then destroys these cells. This is called an auto-immune process. Although something in the environment may trigger the disease, there are no known ways to prevent type 1 diabetes in children.

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Important Facts About Diabetes

People do not outgrow type 1 diabetes, but they can learn to control it by insulin shots, blood glucose testing, diet and exercise.

Diabetes is not contagious .

About 14.6 million Americans have diabetes.

About 1 out of 10 people with diabetes have type 1 DM.

Another type of diabetes is type 2, non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus . Type 2 diabetes is more common than type 1. About 9 out of 10 people with diabetes have type 2. Type 2 DM used to occur mostly in adults, but is becoming increasingly more common in children. It is associated with obesity. NIDDM usually starts after 40 years of age. People with type 2 diabetes usually produce enough of their own insulin, but their bodies dont use it right. Type 2 may be controlled by weight loss or with insulin and/or oral medicine.

Which Type Of Diabetes Is Most Common

Type 1 diabetes is much less common and affects about 1.25 million people. It is further estimated that of the 29.1 million people affected with diabetes, about 8.1 million people are undiagnosed, meaning that they have diabetes but are not aware of it. There has been an increase in the number of Americans with prediabetes. In 2010, 79 million people were estimated to have prediabetes. In 2012, this number was 86 million.

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The Difference Between Type 1 And Type 2

30.3 million people have diabetes , in one type or another. 84.1 million adults aged 18 years or older have prediabetes (33.9% of the adult US population. But what exactly is Diabetes? There are a lot of myths and misunderstandings surrounding the disease, particularly when it comes to type 1 versus type 2.

So lets start with the basics.

The two main types of diabetes are type 1 and type 2. In type 1 diabetes , the body completely stops making insulin. People with type 1 diabetes must take daily insulin injections to survive. This form of diabetes usually develops in children or young adults, but can occur at any age.In type 2 diabetes the body produces insulin, but the cells dont respond to insulin the way they should. This is called insulin resistance. In response to this insulin resistance, the pancreas should make more insulin, but in the case of type 2 diabetes, this does not happen. Because of these two problems, insulin resistance and trouble making extra insulin, there is not enough of an insulin effect to move the glucose from the blood into the cells. Type 2 diabetes is more likely to occur in people who are over the age of 40, overweight, and have a family history of diabetes, although more and more younger people, including adolescents, are developing type 2 diabetes.

Its important to know a few things about how your body works before you can take the best care of your diabetes.

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How Are The Signs And Symptoms Similar

Perioperative management of insulin

There isn’t a difference between the symptoms of either disease. The “classic” symptoms are the same for both diabetes type 1 and type 2:

For both type 1 and type 2, early symptoms of untreated diabetes arise due to elevated blood sugar levels and the presence of glucose in the urine. High amounts of glucose in the urine can cause increased urine output and dehydration. Dehydration, in turn, causes increased thirst.

A lack of insulin or an inability of insulin to work properly affects protein, fat, and carbohydrate metabolism. Insulin normally encourages the storage of fat and protein, so when there is inadequate insulin or poorly functioning insulin, this eventually leads to weight loss despite an increase in appetite.

Some untreated diabetes patients also experience generalized symptoms like fatigue, nausea, and vomiting. People with diabetes are also at risk for infections of the bladder, skin, and vaginal areas. Changes in blood glucose levels can lead to blurred vision. When blood sugar levels are extremely high, lethargy and coma can result.

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What Happens To The Pancreas

In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas, a large gland behind the stomach, stops making insulin because the cells that make the insulin have been destroyed by the bodys immune system. Without insulin, the bodys cells cannot turn glucose , into energy.

People with type 1 diabetes depend on insulin every day of their lives to replace the insulin the body cannot produce. They must test their blood glucose levels several times throughout the day.

The onset of type 1 diabetes occurs most frequently in people under 30 years, however new research suggests almost half of all people who develop the condition are diagnosed over the age of 30. About 10-15 per cent of all cases of diabetes are type 1.

How Is Type 1 Diabetes Treated

Kids who have type 1 diabetes have to pay a little more attention to what they’re eating and doing than kids without diabetes. They need to:

  • take insulin as their doctor prescribed
  • eat a healthy, balanced diet with accurate carbohydrate counts
  • check blood sugar levels as prescribed
  • get regular exercise

Kids with diabetes will have to do special things sometimes, like eat a snack on the bus during a long school trip. Or they might have to wake up earlier than everyone else at a sleepover to take their insulin and have some breakfast to keep their blood sugar levels under control.

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How Type 1 Diabetes Develops

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, which means it results from the immune system mistakenly attacking parts of the body. In the case of type 1 diabetes, the immune system incorrectly targets insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas.

Nobody knows why this occurs, or how to stop it. The immune systems of people with type 1 diabetes continue to attack beta cells until the pancreas is incapable of producing insulin.

People with type 1 diabetes need to inject themselves with insulin to compensate for the death of their beta cells. Everyone with type 1 diabetes is insulin-dependent.

Understanding The Importance Of Insulin Hormone

WHY Type 2 Diabetics Become INSULIN DEPENDENT? SugarMD

It is crucial to understand the importance of the;insulin;hormone inside the human body to apprehend why its absence has such a huge impact on overall human health.;Insulin;is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas located in the digestive system. This hormone plays a very important role in breaking down the glucose that we consume daily.

The broken down glucose is converted into energy molecules used by the body to carry out routine actions. So basically, the role of;insulin;is as much as being a source of energy that helps us move, walk, talk, eat, sleep, and do small and big things every day!

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Diabetes: Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus

Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus , also known as type 1 diabetes, usually starts before 15 years of age, but can occur in adults also. Diabetes involves the pancreas gland, which is located behind the stomach . The special cells of the pancreas produce a hormone called insulin.

The body is made up of millions of cells. All cells need glucose from the food we eat for energy. Just as a car cant run without gasoline, the body cant work without glucose.; Insulin is the key that allows glucose to enter the cells. Without this key, glucose stays in the bloodstream and the cells cant use it for energy. Instead, the glucose builds up in the blood and spills over into the urine. When a person develops type 1 diabetes, the pancreas stops making insulin. To help the bodys cells use the glucose, a child with type 1 diabetes mellitus must receive insulin by injection .

Symptoms And Risk Factors

It can take months or years for enough beta cells to be destroyed before symptoms;of type 1 diabetes are noticed. Type 1 diabetes symptoms can develop in just a few weeks or months. Once symptoms appear, they can be severe.

Some type 1 diabetes symptoms are similar to symptoms of other health conditions. Dont guessif you think you could have type 1 diabetes, see your doctor right away to get your blood sugar tested. Untreated diabetes can lead to very seriouseven fatalhealth problems.

Risk factors for type 1 diabetes are not as clear as for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes, though family history is known to play a part.

Also Check: Can You Have Low Blood Sugar Without Diabetes

What Is Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus, also called diabetes, is a term for several conditions involving how your body turns food into energy.

When you eat a carbohydrate, your body turns it into a sugar called glucose and sends that to your bloodstream. Your pancreas releases insulin, a hormone that helps move glucose from your blood into your cells, which use it for energy.

When you have diabetes and donât get treatment, your body doesnât use insulin like it should. Too much glucose stays in your blood, a condition usually called high blood sugar. This can cause health problems that may be serious or even life-threatening.

Thereâs no cure for diabetes. But with treatment and lifestyle changes, you can live a long, healthy life.

Diabetes comes in different forms, depending on the cause.

What Is Insulin Dependent


What Is Insulin Dependent ?

In a world like the United States, the incidence of type 2 diabetes is very high. There are now more than 29 million people living with diabetes, and many of them have type 2. Type 2 diabetes is insulin dependent, meaning that it requires insulin to regulate blood sugar levels.

One of the most important things you can do to prevent type 2 diabetes yourself or in a loved one is manage your weight. Lack of exercise and poor diet are also two risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes.

But dont worry, even if youve been diagnosed with type two, theres still hope! This blog will teach you how to get on the right track today.

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Are The Same Tests Used To Diagnose Both Types

A fasting blood sugar measurement can be used to diagnose any type of diabetes. This test measures the level of sugar in the bloodstream in the morning before eating breakfast. Normal fasting plasma glucose levels are less than 100 milligrams per deciliter . Fasting plasma glucose levels of more than 126 mg/dl on two or more tests on different days indicate diabetes. A random blood glucose test can also be used to diagnose diabetes. A blood glucose level of 200 mg/dl or higher indicates diabetes.

Another test that is often used is a blood test to measure levels of glycated hemoglobin . This test provides a measure of the average levels of blood glucose over the past 3 months. Other names for the A1C test are HbA1C and glycosylated hemoglobin test.

Tests to identify the abnormal antibodies produced by the immune system are used to diagnose type 1 diabetes. Some of the antibodies seen in type 1 diabetes include anti-islet cell antibodies, anti-insulin antibodies and anti-glutamic decarboxylase antibodies.

Type 1 treatment: Insulin is the treatment of choice for type 1 diabetes, because the body responds appropriately to insulin and the problem is a lack of insulin production by the pancreas.


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