What Can You Do To Learn More About Type 2 Diabetes And Excess Weight
The Obesity Action Coalition is the only nonprofit organization whose sole purpose is representing those affected by obesity. The OAC offers many valuable educational resources discussing excess weight, obesity, morbid obesity, type 2 diabetes and much more.
To see if you are at risk for type 2 diabetes, please schedule a visit with a healthcare professional for more information. To help you prepare for your visit, we’ve provided you with some great sample questions that you may be asked by a healthcare professional and sample questions for you to ask a healthcare professional.
Tips For Preventing Type 2 Diabetes
While you cant always prevent type 2 diabetes, there are a few lifestyle tweaks can help delay, or even prevent, the onset. This is true even if you have increased risk factors like prediabetes.
- Diet. The best kind of diet to prevent type 2 diabetes is a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, healthy carbs, healthy fats, and very little refined sugar.
- Exercise. According to the
- to develop erectile dysfunction
Who Is At Risk For Type 2 Diabetes
You are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes if you:
- Are over age 45. Children, teenagers, and younger adults can get type 2 diabetes, but it is more common in middle-aged and older people.
- Have prediabetes, which means that your blood sugar is higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes
- Had diabetes in pregnancy or gave birth to a baby weighing 9 pounds or more.
- Have a family history of diabetes
- Are overweight or have obesity
- Are Black or African American, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, Asian American, or Pacific Islander
- Are not physically active
- Have low HDL cholesterol and high triglycerides
- Have acanthosis nigricans – dark, thick, and velvety skin around your neck or armpits
Don’t Miss: Type 2 Diabetes Genetics
Type 2 Diabetes: Diet
You can control blood sugar levels by changing your diet and losing extra weight. This cut your risk of complications. Carefully track the carbs in your diet and keep amounts the same at every meal. Just watch how much fat and protein you eat, and cut calories. For extra help, consult with a dietician to plan out the content and intervals of your meals.
How Does Obesity Cause Type 2 Diabetes
What is Obesity?
Obesity is loosely defined as a condition of having too much fat . Causes of obesity can include having a sedentary lifestyle, lack of access to healthy foods, genes and family history, certain health conditions and medications, emotional factors, lack of sleep, age, and more .
Obesity can be further defined as having a Body Mass Index of 30 or greater. BMI is the most common method for measuring body fat. It is a hotly debated mathematical calculation involving height and weight. Why the debate? Well, the BMI calculation doesnt doesnt take into account family history, gender, age, or race. Plus, it can be inaccurate for people with certain body types .
BMI = x 704.5
In general, the BMI ranges are as follows:
Below 18.5 Underweight
30 and greater Obese
40 and greater Morbidly obese
Another widely used measurement is waist circumference, which determines the amount of abdominal fat. Excess abdominal fat that is disproportionate to total body fat can be a predictor of obesity-related risk factors. Those who are at risk are men with a waist measurement exceeding 40 inches and women with a waist measurement exceeding 35 inches. Other factors, such as family history, level of physical activity, smoking, and diet may be used to assess individual risk.
More than one-third of the U.S. adult population are affected by obesity.
What Are The Risks of Obesity?
Don’t Miss: Prognosis Of Diabetes Mellitus
Type 2 Diabetes In Children
Type 2 diabetes in children is a growing issue. According to the American Diabetes Association , around 193,000 Americans under age 20 have type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
One 2016 study found that the incidence of type 2 diabetes in youth has increased to about 5,000 new cases per year. Another study from 2017 also showed a significant increase, particularly in minority races and ethnic groups.
If your child has been diagnosed with diabetes, their doctor will need to determine if its type 1 or type 2 before suggesting a specific treatment.
In the same way that lifestyle choices can help adults manage or even reverse their type 2 diabetes diagnosis, you can help lower your childs risk by encouraging them to eat well and to be physically active every day.
report the following statistics about diabetes in the United States:
- Over 30 million people have diabetes. Thats around 10 percent of the population.
- 1 in 4 people has no idea they have diabetes.
- Prediabetes affects 84.1 million adults, and 90 percent of them are unaware of it.
- Non-Hispanic Black, Hispanic, and Native American adults are to have diabetes as non-Hispanic white adults.
The ADA reports the following statistics:
Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes
The classic symptoms of diabetes are the following:
- unusual thirst and
- unexplained weight loss.
In type 1 diabetes, the symptoms usually progress quickly and are often dramatic. In type 2 diabetes, symptoms are slower to progress. However, it is important to note that many people who have type 2 diabetes may have no symptoms. These people may find out they have type 2 diabetes when they go to the doctor for another, unrelated problem.
Recommended Reading: What Is The Lowest Dose Of Metformin You Can Take
What Are The Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes
Symptoms of Type 2 diabetes tend to develop slowly over time. They can include:
- Urinary tract infections and bladder infections.
Rarely, Type 2 diabetes leads to a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis . DKA is a life-threatening condition that causes your blood to become acidic. People with Type 1 diabetes are more likely to have DKA.
How Can I Help My Child Live With Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition. It requires lifestyle changes in order to keep healthy blood glucose levels. Its important to work closely with your child’s healthcare team to create an ongoing plan that works for your child.
It helps if the whole family makes lifestyle changes together to develop healthy habits. For example:
- Eating at least 5 servings of fruits and vegetables each day
- Eating foods high in fiber and low in fat
- Eating smaller portion sizes off smaller plates
- Not having sugary drinks
- Doing regular physical activity each day, such as sports, bike riding, or walking
- Limiting screen time to no more than 1 to 2 hours a day, including TV, computer, and video games
You May Like: Is Metformin Dangerous
What Problems Can Happen With Type 2 Diabetes
Sometimes, kids and teens with type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, or obesity might develop thick, dark, velvet-like skin around the neck, armpits, groin, between fingers and toes, or on elbows and knees a cosmetic skin condition called acanthosis nigricans. This skin darkening can lighten over time with improvement in insulin resistance.
Polycystic ovary syndrome in girls is also often associated with insulin resistance. This hormone problem can make the ovaries become enlarged and develop cysts . Girls with PCOS might have irregular periods, might stop having periods, and may have excess facial and body hair growth. It also can cause fertility problems.
People with insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes are also more likely to develop hypertension or abnormal levels of blood fats . When these problems cluster together, it’s called metabolic syndrome. People with metabolic syndrome are at risk for heart disease, stroke, and other health problems.
Diabetes also can cause heart disease and stroke, as well as other long-term complications, including eye problems, kidney disease, nerve damage, and gum disease. While these problems don’t usually show up in kids or teens who’ve had type 2 diabetes for only a few years, they can affect them in adulthood, particularly if their diabetes isn’t well controlled.
Open Sores And Wounds
Having high blood sugar for a long time can lead to poor circulation and nerve damage. You may have developed these if youve had uncontrolled diabetes for a long time.
Poor circulation and nerve damage can make it hard for your body to heal wounds. This is especially true on the feet. These open wounds are called diabetic ulcers.
Diabetes and feet
- Get immediate medical care for an open sore or wound.
- Work with your doctor to better control your diabetes.
Read Also: Can Diabetic Patient Eat Banana
A Word From Mantra Care
The above article tells you about the relationship between sugar and diabetes. It also explains the causes and the risks factors which lead to diabetes. However, diabetics can follow the prevention that is mentioned above. These precautions will help you in controlling your blood sugar level.
If you are looking for more information on this topic or onDiabetes treatment,Online Therapy,Hypertension,PCOS treatment,Weight Loss, andPhysiotherapy, please visitmantracare.org or feel free to reach out to us at +91-9711118331 or email at . You can also download our freeAndroid App or IOS app.
Here at Mantra Care, we have an incredibly skilled team of health care professionals and coaches who will be happy to answer any questions and provide further information so you know whats best for your unique needs.
Low Blood Sugar: The 1: 15 Rule
Doctors may recommend that people with low blood sugar follow the 15:15 rule. The ADA explains that a person can take 15 grams of carbohydrates and then check their blood sugar levels 15 minutes afterward. If blood sugar is still low, they should take another 15 g.
People can repeat this until their levels are within a normal range. Examples of carbohydrates that can raise low blood sugar efficiently include:
- glucose tablets or glucose gel, which a person should take according to the instructions on the label
- a half cup of juice or non-diet soda
- 1 tablespoon of sugar, honey, or corn syrup
- hard candies, such as jelly beans or gumdrops
It is important to avoid using complex carbohydrates to treat low blood sugar in an emergency, as these can slow down the time it takes for the body to absorb glucose. The same applies to carbohydrates with fat, such as chocolate.
Once blood sugar levels have returned to a healthy level, a person can eat a healthy snack to prevent their levels from dropping again.
Carbohydrate levels may vary for each individual, and children will need less than 15 g to treat low blood sugar. People can discuss a specific treatment strategy for low blood sugar with a doctor.
You May Like: Hypertriglyceridemia Low Carbohydrate Diet
Risk Factors For Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is believed to have a strong genetic link, meaning that it tends to run in families. If you have a parent, brother, or sister who has it, your chances rise. Several genes may be related to type 2 diabetes. Ask your doctor about a diabetes test if you have any of the following risk factors:
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Being of an ethnicity thatâs at higher risk: African Americans, Native Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Asian Americans are more likely to get type 2 diabetes than non-Hispanic whites.
- You’re over 45 years of age. Older age is a significant risk factor for type 2 diabetes. The risk of type 2 diabetes begins to rise significantly around age 45 and rises considerably after age 65.
- Youâve had an organ transplant. After an organ transplant, you need to take drugs for the rest of your life so your body doesnât reject the donor organ. These drugs help organ transplants succeed, but many of them, such as tacrolimus or steroids, can cause diabetes or make it worse.
A proper diet and healthy lifestyle habits, along with medication, if you need it, can help you manage type 2 diabetes the same way you manage other areas of your life. Be sure to seek the latest information on this condition as you become your own health advocate.
Can Antidepressants Improve Diabetes
Some medications for depression have been shown to improve, not worsen, glycemic control. Still others lead to improved insulin sensitivity by helping the body use insulin to carry glucose into cells more efficiently, which reduces the risk for hyperglycemia.
Part of the reason for improvement may be that receiving depression treatment in general leads to improved depression symptoms and positive lifestyle and behavior changes. When depression improves, people are more likely to eat nutritiously, exercise, take necessary medications , and monitor their blood glucose levels. This, in turn, improves diabetes.
The mixed effects of antidepressants lead to more questions. Could it be possible that the type of antidepressant taken for depression makes a difference?
Read Also: How Much Pasta Can A Diabetic Eat
What Are The Signs & Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes aren’t always obvious and they can take a long time to develop. Sometimes, there are no symptoms. It’s important to remember that not everyone with insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes develops these warning signs, and not everyone who has these symptoms necessarily has type 2 diabetes.
But kids or teens who develop type 2 diabetes may:
- Need to pee a lot. The kidneys respond to high levels of glucose in the blood by flushing out the extra glucose in urine . Kids with high blood sugar levels need to pee more often and make more pee.
- Drink a lot of liquids. Because they’re peeing so often and losing so much fluid, they can become very thirsty and drink a lot in an attempt to keep the levels of body water normal.
- Feel tired often. This is because the body can’t use glucose for energy properly.
High Blood Sugar: Diet And Exercise Advice
People with high blood sugar may be able to lower their levels through exercise and eating a nutritious, well-balanced diet with smaller portions.
If a personâs blood sugar level is higher than 240 mg/dl, it may not be safe for them to exercise because ketones may be present in the urine. Ketones are waste products that the body creates when it uses fats as fuel instead of glucose.
Exercising with ketones in the urine may cause blood sugar levels to increase even further. A buildup of ketones can also lead to a life threatening condition called ketoacidosis.
A doctor can offer advice on a safe treatment plan for lowering blood sugar.
Recommended Reading: What Happens If Your Blood Sugar Gets Too High
Being Overweight Or Obese
You’re more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you’re overweight or obese with a body mass index of 30 or more.
Fat around your tummy particularly increases your risk. This is because it releases chemicals that can upset the body’s cardiovascular and metabolic systems.
This increases your risk of developing a number of serious conditions, including coronary heart disease, stroke and some types of cancer.
Measuring your waist is a quick way of assessing your diabetes risk. This is a measure of abdominal obesity, which is a particularly high-risk form of obesity.
Women have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes if their waist measures 80cm or more.
Asian men with a waist size of 89cm or more have a higher risk, as do white or black men with a waist size of 94cm or more.
Exercising regularly and reducing your body weight by about 5% could reduce your risk of getting diabetes by more than 50%.
Read about measuring your waist size
Accuracy Of Diabetes Test Results
Depending on the test used, the level of blood glucose can be affected by many factors including:
- eating or drinking
- taking medications that are known to raise blood glucose levels, such as oral contraceptives, some diuretics and corticosteroids
- physical illness or surgery that may temporarily alter blood glucose.
If you think any of the above may have influenced your result, then it is important to discuss this further with your doctor.
If you don’t have diabetes, but your glucose levels are higher than normal, this is called pre-diabetes and it includes one or both of:
- impaired fasting glucose IFG
- impaired glucose tolerance IGT .
Diabetes can be delayed or prevented in some people with pre-diabetes by:
- increasing physical activity
- following a healthy eating plan developed by a dietitian
- losing 510 per cent of their body weight, if they are overweight.
Talk to your doctor about how you can reduce your risk of developing diabetes.
You May Like: Pita Bread Good For Diabetics
Diabetes And Yeast Infections
Diabetes is a chronic condition affecting the body’s ability to process glucose , leading to dangerously high blood sugar levels. Researchers have found a link between these high blood sugar levels from diabetes and vaginal yeast infections.
People with type 2 diabetes may be even more susceptible to getting vaginal yeast infections, likely because they have more sugar in their system, disrupting the vagina’s balance of bacteria and yeast.
What Causes Type 2 Diabetes
You can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes with proven, achievable lifestyle changessuch as losing a small amount of weight and being more physically activeeven if youre at high risk.
Theres more to why people get type 2 diabetes than you may know. Although lifestyle is a big part, so are family history, age, and race. Learn about what causes type 2 diabetes and how you can help lower your risk.
Youve probably heard the expression, you cant judge a book by its cover. In the same way we cant tell whats inside a book without reading it, we cant look at a person and know if theyre at risk of type 2 diabetes.
Its true that being overweight is a risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes, but your family history, age, and race are risk factors too.
Learn about what causes type 2 diabetes, and how you can help lower your risk.
Don’t Miss: What Happens If A Diabetic Doesn’t Eat