What Is Metformin What Is Lantus
Metformin is an oral medication used to treat type 2 diabetes. Metformin works by increasing the sensitivity of liver, muscle, fat, and other tissues to the uptake and effects of insulin, which lowers blood glucose levels. Metformin does not increase the concentration of insulin in the blood and does not cause low blood glucose levels when used alone. Metformin can reduce complications of diabetes such as heart disease, blindness, and kidney disease. Metformin is also used to treat polycystic ovaries and weight gain due to medications used for treating psychoses.
Lantus is a man-made injectable form of long-acting insulin used to regulate sugar levels in type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Individuals with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin on their own and individuals with type 2 diabetes do not produce enough insulin, or insulin is not as effective due to insulin resistance. Lantus works the same way as natural human insulin, but it’s action lasts longer. It helps diabetic patients regulate glucose or sugar in the body. Lantus works by promoting movement of sugar from blood into body tissues and also stops sugar production in liver.
How Should I Use Lantus
Use Lantus exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets.
Lantus is injected under the skin, usually once per day at the same time of day.
When treating type 1 diabetes, use your short-acting insulin before meals as directed by your doctor.
Lantus must not be given with an insulin pump, or mixed with other insulins. Do not inject Lantus into a vein or a muscle.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you don’t understand how to use an injection.
Prepare an injection only when you are ready to give it. Call your pharmacist if the medicine looks cloudy, has changed colors, or has particles in it.
Your healthcare provider will show you where to inject Lantus. Do not inject into the same place two times in a row.
Avoid injecting into skin that is damaged, tender, bruised, pitted, thickened, scaly, or has a scar or hard lump.
Your dose needs may change if you switch to a different brand, strength, or form of this medicine. Avoid medication errors by using only the medicine your doctor prescribes.
If you use a Lantus SoloStar injection pen, use only the injection pen that comes with Lantus. Attach a new needle before each use. Do not transfer the insulin from the pen into a syringe.
Never share an injection pen, even if you changed the needle. Sharing these devices can pass infections from person to person.
Storing unopened Lantus:
Storing opened Lantus:
Before You Get Started:
- Wash your hands
- Make sure the insulin is clear and colorless. Do not use it if it is cloudy or if you see particles throw it away
- Do not mix or dilute Lantus® with any other insulin or solution. It will not work as intended, and you may lose blood sugar control
- Do not share needles, insulin pens, or syringes with others
- Do NOT reuse needles. Always use a new syringe
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What Are The Possible Side Effects Of Tresiba
Tresiba® may cause serious side effects that can be life-threatening, including:
- Low blood sugar . Signs and symptoms that may indicate low blood sugar include anxiety, irritability, mood changes, dizziness, sweating, confusion, and headache
- Low potassium in your blood
- Heart failure in some people if taken with thiazolidinediones . This can happen even if you have never had heart failure or heart problems. If you already have heart failure, it may get worse while you take TZDs with Tresiba®. Tell your health care provider if you have any new or worse symptoms of heart failure including shortness of breath, tiredness, swelling of your ankles or feet, and sudden weight gain
Your insulin dose may need to change because of change in level of physical activity or exercise, increased stress, change in diet, weight gain or loss, or illness.
Common side effects may include reactions at the injection site, itching, rash, serious allergic reactions , skin thickening or pits at the injection site , weight gain, and swelling of your hands and feet.
Get emergency medical help if you have trouble breathing, shortness of breath, fast heartbeat, swelling of your face, tongue, or throat, sweating, extreme drowsiness, dizziness, or confusion.
Please for Tresiba® Prescribing Information.
Tresiba® is a prescription medication.
Look up your cost and a savings offer at MyTresibaCost.com.
Talk to your health care provider about your diabetes management plan, including diet and exercise.
How To Use The Lantus Solostar Insulin Pen
Now that you and your doctor have decided Lantus is right for you, watch this step-by-step video to learn how to use the Lantus SoloStar pen. But always follow your healthcare providers instructions.
Rotate your injection sites as instructed by your healthcare provider to reduce your risk of getting lipodystrophy and localized cutaneous amyloidosis . Do not use the same spot for each injection or inject where the skin is pitted, thickened, lumpy, tender, bruised, scaly, hard, scarred or damaged.
- Removing and discarding the needle
Super: WHAT WELL COVER:
Step One: Inject the insulin
Step Two: Attach the Needle
Step Three: Perform a Safety Test
Step Four: Select the Dose
Step Five: Inject the Dose
Step Six: Remove and Discard Needle
It is important that you go over these instructions carefully before you using your SoloStar pen.
Step one: check the insulin.
SUPER: An unopened SoloSTAR® Pen should be refrigerated until first use. Do not store an opened SoloSTAR® pen in a refrigerator.
Laura: If your SoloSTAR® pen is in cool storage, take it out 1 to 2 hours before you inject to allow it to warm up. Cold insulin may be painful to inject.
SUPER: Check the label on your SoloSTAR® pen.
Laura: First, check the label on your SoloSTAR® pen to make sure you have the correct pen and insulin. The Lantus® SoloSTAR® pen is gray with a purple injection button.
Check the expiration date on the label of your pen. Do not use a SoloSTAR® pen after the expiration date.
Storing your pen.
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How Do I Take It
Many people get insulin into their blood using a needle and syringe, a cartridge system, or pre-filled pen systems.
The place on the body where you give yourself the shot may matter. You’ll absorb insulin the most evenly when you inject it into your belly. The next best places to inject it are your arms, thighs, and buttocks. Make it a habit to inject insulin at the same general area of your body, but change up the exact injection spot. This helps lessen scarring under the skin.
Inhaled insulin, insulin pumps, and a quick-acting insulin device are also available.
How Many Doses In A Lantus Pen And How Long Will It Last Me
The Lantus SoloStar is 100Units/mL and is a 3ml unit, so each Lantus Solostar contains 300 units.
To work out how long one Lantus SoloStar pen will last you, you need to divide 300 units by your daily dose. For example:
- If you are using 12 units a day
- 300÷12= 25 days
- The Lantus SoloStar will last you 25 days.
If you are priming your pen before each dose, which is recommended, you do need to add this into your calculation. For example:
- If you are using 13 units a day
- Plus 2 units for priming = 15 units per day
- 300÷15= 20 days
- The Lantus SoloStar will last you 20 days.
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What Other Drugs Interact With Insulin Glargine
If your medical doctor is using this medicine to treat your pain, your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with your doctor, health care provider or pharmacist first.
- Insulin Glargine has severe interactions with the following drug:
This information does not contain all possible interactions or adverse effects. Visit the RxList Drug Interaction Checker for any drug interactions. Therefore, before using this drug, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the drugs you use. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share the list with your doctor and pharmacist. Check with your physician if you have health questions or concerns.
Important Safety Information For Soliqua 100/33 100 Units/ml And 33 Mcg/ml
What is the most important information I should know about SOLIQUA 100/33?
Do not share your SOLIQUA 100/33 pen with other people, even if the needle has been changed. You may give other people a serious infection, or get a serious infection from them.
SOLIQUA 100/33 can cause serious side effects, including inflammation of the pancreas, which may be severe and lead to death.
Before using SOLIQUA 100/33, tell your doctor if you have had pancreatitis, stones in your gallbladder , or a history of alcoholism. These medical problems may make you more likely to get pancreatitis.
Stop taking SOLIQUA 100/33 and call your healthcare provider right away if you have pain in your stomach area that is severe, and will not go away. The pain may be felt in the back area. The pain may happen with or without vomiting.
Who should not use SOLIQUA 100/33?
Do not use SOLIQUA 100/33 if you:
- are having an episode of low blood sugar
- are allergic to insulin glargine, lixisenatide, or any of the ingredients in SOLIQUA 100/33. Symptoms of a severe allergic reaction with SOLIQUA 100/33 may include swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat, fainting or feeling dizzy, problems breathing or swallowing, very rapid heartbeat, severe rash or itching, or low blood pressure.
Before using SOLIQUA 100/33, tell your healthcare provider about all your medical conditions, including if you:
How should I use SOLIQUA 100/33?
What are the possible side effects of SOLIQUA 100/33?
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Does Lantus Treat Diabetic Ketoacidosis
No. Lantus isnt used to treat diabetic ketoacidosis .
DKA is a serious complication of diabetes. It occurs when your blood sugar levels are very high but your insulin levels are low. Because insulin isnt available to move sugar into your cells, they cant use the sugar as fuel. Instead, your body starts breaking down fat into ketones for energy. High levels of ketones make your blood more acidic, which can harm many organs in your body.
DKA treatment takes place in a hospital setting. Treatment involves using insulin to bring sugar into your cells. However, Lantus isnt the best type of insulin for this process because it takes too long to start working. Faster-acting insulins such as insulin aspart , insulin glulisine , or insulin lispro are typically used as part of DKA treatment.
Dosage For Type 1 Diabetes
If you have type 1 diabetes, the starting dose of Lantus is generally about one-third of your total daily insulin dose.
Your total daily insulin dose is based on your weight. It typically ranges from 0.4 to 1.0 units per kilogram a day.
For example, a 150-lb man weighs about 68 kg. If his doctor prescribes 0.5 units/kg a day, his total daily insulin dose would be 34 units a day. His starting dose of Lantus would be about one-third of 34 units, which is about 11 units of Lantus.
Lantus is typically taken once a day, not twice a day.
The drug is given as an injection just under your skin . You can inject Lantus in the skin of your upper arms, belly , or thighs.
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Comparing And Contrasting Long
If your doctor has told you that you needlong-acting insulin, you may be overwhelmed with the number of productsavailable. Although many brand name long-acting insulins are advertised on TVand in print, they represent only three main insulin products. The three mainlong-acting insulins that are available in the United States are insulinglargine , insulin degludec andinsulin detemir .
In this article, we will explore thesimilarities and differences between the long-acting insulins to help give youa better idea of what to expect.
Some Side Effects Can Be Serious If You Experience These Symptoms Call Your Doctor Immediately Or Get Emergency Treatment:
- rash, hives, or itching all over the body
- swelling of the eyes, face, lips, tongue, or throat
- swelling of ankles or feet
- shortness of breath
- vision changes
Insulin glargine products may cause other side effects. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while using this medication.
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How To Inject Lantus Using A Solostar Pen
If your doctor wants you to use a Lantus SoloStar pen, follow these steps.
Preparing the pen
Heres how to get your Lantus SoloStar pen ready for use.
Attaching a needle to the pen
Once the pen is at room temperature and youve prepared it, youre ready to attach the needle.
Testing the pen
Are Metformin Or Lantus Safe To Use While Pregnant Or Breastfeeding
- There are no adequate studies in pregnant women. Most experts agree that insulin is the best treatment for pregnant women with diabetes.
- Metformin is excreted into breast milk and can, therefore, be transferred to the nursing infant. Nursing mothers should not use metformin.
- Safe and effective use of insulin glargine is not established for pregnant females.
- It is not known whether insulin glargine enters breast milk therefore, it should be used with caution in females who are breastfeeding.
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Will My Lantus Dose Be Adjusted If I Also Take Other Diabetes Drugs
Yes, its possible. Your Lantus dosage can be affected by many factors, including the type of diabetes you have and other medications you take.
If you have type 1 diabetes, your total daily insulin dose will include a long-acting insulin . Youll take this along with a fast-acting insulin at mealtimes. Humalog is an example of a mealtime insulin you may take with Lantus.
For this condition, your starting dose of Lantus is about one-third of your total daily insulin dose. Your doctor may adjust your dosage over time to help manage your blood sugar levels.
Taking Lantus with other diabetes medications can increase your risk of low blood sugar as a side effect. So your doctor may adjust your Lantus dosage to help reduce your risk of this side effect.
To learn more about how other medications may affect your Lantus dosage, talk with your doctor.
Common Side Effects Of Tresiba Vs Lantus
Tresiba and Lantus both have the ability to cause hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar. This tendency tends to vary based on factors such as whether the patient is a Type 1 or Type 2 diabetic, what other insulin or diabetic therapies the patient may be using, and diet. When using Tresiba or Lantus with short-acting or rapid-acting insulins, this risk increases.
Patients must have the ability to monitor their blood glucose levels with either a traditional meter or a continuous glucose monitoring system . Patients should also be taught the signs and symptoms of severe hypoglycemia, as it can be life-threatening. These include shakiness, lightheadedness, mental confusion, nausea, blurred vision, and headache. Hypoglycemia can be reversed with the ingestion of glucose or administration of injectable Glucagon.
Injection site reactions may be bothersome to the patient. These can include redness, itching, or bruising. Rotating injection sites can help reduce or alleviate these symptoms.
This list is not intended to be a comprehensive list of potential side effects. Please consult your healthcare provider for a complete list.
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What Happens If I Overdose
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. Insulin overdose can cause severe hypoglycemia. Symptoms include drowsiness, confusion, blurred vision, numbness or tingling in your mouth, trouble speaking, muscle weakness, clumsy or jerky movements, seizure , or loss of consciousness.
Lantus Use With Other Drugs
Lantus may be used with other diabetes medications, including other injectable drugs or medications taken by mouth.
People with type 1 diabetes will need to take Lantus along with a mealtime insulin. This is because Lantus is a basal insulin, a background insulin that helps control blood sugar levels in between meals. A mealtime insulin is needed to control spikes in blood sugar that occur after eating.
Examples of mealtime insulins that may be taken along with Lantus include:
- insulin lispro
- insulin regular
People with type 2 diabetes will also likely need to take other diabetes medications besides Lantus. There are several different types of injectable or oral medications that your doctor may prescribe. These drugs lower your blood sugar further and help prevent serious complications, such as nerve damage.
The Lantus dosage your doctor prescribes will depend on several factors. These include:
- the severity of the condition youre using Lantus to treat
- your weight
- your history of blood sugar control
- your blood sugar level goals
Typically, your doctor will start you on a low dosage. Then theyll adjust it over time to reach the amount thats right for you. Your doctor will ultimately prescribe the smallest dosage that provides the desired effect.
The following information describes dosages that are commonly used or recommended. However, be sure to take the dosage your doctor prescribes for you. Your doctor will determine the best dosage to suit your needs.
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