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How Many People Are Affected By Diabetes

Diabetes Facts And Figures

Mayo Clinic Insights: How COVID-19 affects people with diabetes
  • More than 4.9;million people in the UK have diabetes
  • 13.6 million people are now at increased risk of type 2 diabetes in the UK
  • 850,000 people are currently living with type 2 diabetes but;are yet to be diagnosed
  • However, it’s important to remember that diabetes is not a death sentence. Research has consistently shown that for some people, combined lifestyle interventions – including diet, physical activity and sustained weight loss – can be effective in reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes by about 50%.

How T1d Is Managed

Type 1 diabetes is a 24/7 disease that requires constant management. People with T1D continuously and carefully balance insulin intake with eating, exercise and other activities. They also measure blood-sugar levels through finger pricks, ideally at least six times a day, or by wearing a continuous glucose monitor.

Even with a strict regimen, people with T1D may still experience dangerously high or low blood-glucose levels that can, in extreme cases, be life threatening. Every person with T1D becomes actively involved in managing his or her disease.

Who Is More Likely To Develop Type 2 Diabetes

You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you are age 45 or older, have a family history of diabetes, or are overweight. Physical inactivity, race, and certain health problems such as high blood pressure also affect your chance of developing type 2 diabetes. You are also more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you have prediabetes or had gestational diabetes when you were pregnant. Learn more about risk factors for type 2 diabetes.

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Endocrine Excretory And Digestive Systems

If your pancreas produces little or no insulin or if your body cant use it alternate hormones are used to turn fat into energy. This can create high levels of toxic chemicals, including acids and ketone bodies, which may lead to a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. This is a serious complication of the disease. Symptoms include extreme thirst, excessive urination, and fatigue.

Your breath may have a sweet scent thats caused by the elevated levels of ketone bodies in the blood. High blood sugar levels and excess ketones in your urine can confirm diabetic ketoacidosis. If untreated, this condition can lead to loss of consciousness or even death.

Diabetic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome occurs in type 2 diabetes. It involves very high blood glucose levels but no ketones. You might become dehydrated with this condition. You may even lose consciousness. HHS is most common in people whose diabetes is undiagnosed or who havent been able to control their diabetes. It can also be caused by a heart attack, stroke, or infection.

High blood glucose levels may cause gastroparesis when its hard for your stomach to completely empty. This delay can cause blood glucose levels to rise. As a result, you may also experience nausea, vomiting, bloating, and heartburn.

More People Than Ever Have Diabetes More People Than Ever Are At Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes If Nothing Changes We Predict That 55 Million People Will Have Diabetes In The Uk By 2030

Ever wonder how many people are affected by diabetes ...

Around 90% of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. Around 8% of people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes. About 2% of people with diabetes have rarer types of diabetes.

Were fighting for a world where diabetes can do no harm.

We do it by campaigning to make sure everyone with diabetes gets the care they need to live well with diabetes. We provide advice and support so people can get to grips with their condition. And our research increases what we know about diabetes, discovers new treatments and will, one day, find a cure.

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National Diabetes Statistics Report 2020

Data from this report can guide prevention and management efforts across the nation.

New diabetes cases have decreased over the last decade except in people younger than 20 years. And in adults, there is much room for improvement in preventing diabetes complications. Data from this report can help focus critical type 2 diabetes prevention and diabetes management efforts across the nation.

CDCs Division of Diabetes Translation has released the National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2020 pdf icon, which presents the state of the disease in the United States. The report provides the most recent scientific data on:

  • New cases of diabetes
  • Existing cases of diabetes
  • Short- and long-term health complications
  • Risk factors for health complications
  • Death rate
  • Costs

The;National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2020 pdf icon analyzed health data through 2018, providing statistics across ages, races, ethnicities, education levels, and regions. Data from this report provide vital perspectives on the current status of diabetes and can help focus prevention and management efforts going forward. New in 2020, the report features trends in prevalence and incidence estimates over time.

Key findings include:

  • New diagnosed cases of type 1 and type 2 diabetes have significantly increased among US youth.
  • For ages 10 to 19 years, incidence of type 2 diabetes remained stable among non-Hispanic whites and increased for all others, especially non-Hispanic blacks.
  • I Have Diabetes And I Think I May Be Infected What Do I Do

    COVID-19 can cause more severe symptoms and complications in some people living with diabetes, as well as in older people, and those with other chronic health conditions.

    If you have diabetes and you have symptoms such as a cough, high temperature and feeling short of breath, you need to continue taking your medication and contact your primary care physician or local Public Health Authority. For those who routinely monitor their blood glucose, on the advice of their clinical team, they should continue to do this more often.

    If you have diabetes and you become unwell for any reason, it is important that you practice sick day management, which can include:;

    • Maintaining open communication with your primary care provider and diabetes care team. They are an excellent resource if you have questions or concerns about your personal health management
    • Following the advice of your diabetes care team regarding medication usage, if you are feeling unwell
    • Being aware of the signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, as effective blood glucose management can become a challenge when sick
    • Staying hydrated and having unsweetened drinks on hand; and practicing eating smaller portions but more often

    The risk of death from coronavirus is quite low, and most people with COVID-19 will have a comparatively mild illness. Should you have further questions, we recommend contacting your primary care physician or local public health authority.

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    Diabetes And Cardiovascular Disease

    Cardiovascular disease includes blood vessel disease, heart attack and stroke. It’s the leading cause of death in Australia.;

    The risk of cardiovascular disease is greater for people with diabetes, who often have increased cholesterol and blood pressure levels. Smoking, having a family history of cardiovascular disease and being inactive also increase your risk.To reduce your risk and pick up any problems early:

    • Have your blood pressure checked at least every six months, or more often if you have high blood pressure or are taking medication to lower your blood pressure.
    • Have your HbA1c checked at least every year, or three- to six-monthly if recommended.
    • Have your cholesterol checked at least every year. Further pathology tests such as an electrocardiogram or exercise stress test may also be recommended by your doctor.

    Diabetes Trends In Adults And Children

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    23. 193,000 kids and young adults below the age of 20 have been diagnosed with diabetes.

    The age group below the age of 20 has seen approximately 193,000 cases of diabetes . This means that as much as 0.24% of all youngsters in this age range already suffer a variant of this health condition.

    24. Gestational diabetes is estimated to occur in 2%10% of pregnancies in the US.

    This form of diabetes appears during pregnancy, and its normally expected to return to normal after birth, although some evidence suggests that women with gestational pregnancies are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later on. Most;diabetes facts;also confirm that children born under such circumstances are also more likely to develop diabetes.

    25. 84.1 million adults in the US have prediabetes.

    This is equivalent to 1 out of 3 adults in the US having a condition that could lead to type 2 diabetes. The worst part is that 9 out of 10 of these adults arent even aware of the fact that they have prediabetes.

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    Box : What’s In The Data

    The data used in this publication are from the Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System , a collaborative network of provincial and territorial chronic disease surveillance systems, led by the Public Health Agency of Canada . The CCDSS identifies chronic disease cases from provincial and territorial administrative health databases, including physician billing claims and hospital discharge abstract records, linked to provincial and territorial health insurance registry records using a unique personal identifier. Data on all residents eligible for provincial or territorial health insurance are captured in health insurance registries.

    While CCDSS data reflect the health status of the Canadian population, they may also reflect changes in data collection methods, coding and classification systems, or clinical guidelines and billing practices. These factors must also be taken into consideration when interpreting time trends.

    Definition of diagnosed diabetes in the CCDSSCanadians aged 1 year and older are identified as having diagnosed diabetes if they have: at least one hospitalization record or at least two physician claims in a two-year period with an International Classification of Diseases code for diabetes. Females aged 10 to 54 years diagnosed with diabetes 120 days preceding or 180 days following a pregnancy-related visit are removed, to exclude possible cases of gestational diabetes.

    What Increases Your Risk Of Diabetes

    Diabetes has been classified into four types:

    Type 1 diabetes

    Type 1 diabetes is believed to be a hereditary, autoimmune disorder when the bodys immune system attacks the bodys own cells. You can get type 1 diabetes at any age, but it is more likely to develop in children and teenagers. You are at an increased risk of diabetes

    • if you have a close relative such as a mother, father, or sibling with type 1 diabetes.
    • If you are a White American.

    African Americans and Hispanic/Latino Americans are less likely to develop type 1 diabetes than Whites .

    Type 2 diabetes is a lifestyle disorder. Middle-aged and old-age people are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes due to increased risk with aging. Other factors that put at risk for diabetes include:

    • Prediabetes

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    Diabetes And Healthy Eating

    If you have diabetes its important to include a wide variety of nutritious and healthy foods in your diet, and to avoid snacking on sugary foods.

    Enjoy a variety of foods from each food group be sure to include foods high in fibre and low in fat and reduce your salt intake. Its helpful to consult with a dietitian to review your current eating plan and provide a guide about food choices and food quantities.

    Mental Health And Diabetes

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    Living with and managing either type 1 or type 2 diabetes can lead to stress, anxiety and depression. This can affect your blood glucose levels and how you manage your diabetes in general. Over time, this can affect your health.It is important to talk to your doctor if you are going through times of stress, depression or anxiety. Your doctor can refer you to a counsellor or;psychologist;by providing a diabetes mental health plan. This is Medicare rebated.Other help is available, including:

    • online resources

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    Global And National Socioeconomic Status

    Gross national income , a measure of the total domestic and foreign output, was calculated using the World Bank Atlas method. Countries were divided into 4 categories according to GNI in 2017. Low income $995; Lower-Middle income $996 to $3,895; Upper-Middle income $3,896 to $12,055; High income $12,056. Socio-demographic Index , an indicator of a locations socio-demographic development, was calculated on average income per person, educational attainment, and total fertility rate. The SDI ranges from 0 to 1, with a higher value implying a higher level of socioeconomic development. 2017 National SDI data were obtained from the Global Health Data Exchange: high SDI , high-middle SDI , middle SDI , low-middle SDI , and low SDI .

    What Are Some Juvenile Diabetes Statistics

    More commonly known as Type 1 diabetes, juvenile diabetes is typically diagnosed in children and is managed by daily insulin shots. Around 1.6 million Americans have Type 1 diabetes, including 200,000 youth, and there are approximately 64,000 new cases per year. According to JDRF, between 2001 and 2009, there was a 21% increase in Type 1 diabetes prevalence in people younger than 20.

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    Gestational Diabetes Facts And Statistics

    Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops during pregnancy in women who dont already have diabetes. High blood glucose levels during pregnancy can cause problems for the mother and the baby, and they can increase the chance of having a miscarriage. Learn more about gestational diabetes.

    • About 6 percent of U.S. women who gave birth in 2016 had gestational diabetes.2
    • About 50 percent of U.S. women with gestational diabetes go on to develop type 2 diabetes.3

    In 10 People In The World Will Have Diabetes By 2035

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    The International Diabetes Federation released a report Thursday that said that 10% of the global population will have diabetes by 2035. The report, which was released on International Diabetes Day, said that 382 million people will have diabetes by the end of this year, and that 592 million will be diabetic by 2035, CBS news reports. Many of those millions will be living in developing countries. The IDF report also estimates that the percentage of diabetic Americans will jump from 8% to 11% by 2035. One person dies from diabetes every six seconds, which amounts to 1.5 million annual deaths. Continue reading >>

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    Oral Health And Diabetes

    People with poorly managed diabetes are at increased risk of tooth decay and gum infections. This is because the small blood vessels that help nourish your teeth and gums can become damaged. ;Poor oral care can cause the gums to become inflamed and loosen around your teeth. It’s also strongly linked with an increased risk of heart disease.To reduce your risk of teeth and gum problems:

    • See your dentist regularly for a check-up.;
    • Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss once a day.;
    • If you have dentures, make sure you brush your dentures and gums with a soft toothbrush.

    What Are The Symptoms Of Covid

    The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, tiredness, and dry cough. Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some people become infected but dont develop any symptoms and don’t feel unwell. Most people recover from the disease without needing special treatment. Around one out of every six people who gets COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops difficultybreathing.;

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    Diabetes Statistics In America

    • More than 34 million Americans have diabetes, which is nearly 11% of the U.S. population.
    • Every 17 seconds, an American is diagnosed with diabetes.
    • There are 1.5 million new cases of diabetes in the United States each year.

    Diabetes statistics by state

    The states with the highest percentage of adults with diagnosed diabetes are:

    • West Virginia

    *The statistics are for adult cases, which were updated in September 2020

    Prediabetes Facts And Statistics

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    Prediabetes is a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. Prediabetes usually occurs in people whose bodies may not be able to effectively use the insulin they make or their pancreas may not produce enough insulin to keep their blood glucose levels in the normal range. People with prediabetes are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Learn more about prediabetes.

    • An estimated 88 million adults ages 18 years or older have prediabetes. This includes
    • nearly 29 million adults ages 18 to 44 years
    • more than 35 million adults ages 45 to 64 years
    • more than 24 million adults ages 65 or older (46.6 percent of U.S. adults in this age group
  • More men than women have prediabetes.
  • The prevalence of prediabetes is similar among men and women across racial and ethnic groups and education levels.
  • Among adolescents ages 12 to 18 years, more than 1 in 6 have prediabetes.1
  • View the full report: National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2020; from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention .

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    The Effects Of Diabetes On Your Body

    When you hear the word diabetes, your first thought is likely about high blood sugar. Blood sugar is an often-underestimated component of your health. When its out of whack over a long period of time, it could develop into diabetes. Diabetes affects your bodys ability to produce or use insulin, a hormone that allows your body to turn glucose into energy. Heres what symptoms may occur to your body when diabetes takes effect.

    Diabetes can be effectively managed when caught early. However, when left untreated, it can lead to potential complications that include heart disease, stroke, kidney damage, and nerve damage.

    Normally after you eat or drink, your body will break down sugars from your food and use them for energy in your cells. To accomplish this, your pancreas needs to produce a hormone called insulin. Insulin is what facilitates the process of pulling sugar from the blood and putting it in the cells for use, or energy.

    If you have diabetes, your pancreas either produces too little insulin or none at all. The insulin cant be used effectively. This allows blood glucose levels to rise while the rest of your cells are deprived of much-needed energy. This can lead to a wide variety of problems affecting nearly every major body system.


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