Will Supplements And Vitamins Help My Diabetes
No clear proof exists that taking dietary supplements such as vitamins, minerals, herbs, or spices can help manage diabetes.1 You may need supplements if you cannot get enough vitamins and minerals from foods. Talk with your health care provider before you take any dietary supplement since some can cause side effects or affect how your medicines work.2
What Foods Can I Eat If I Have Diabetes
You may worry that having diabetes means going without foods you enjoy. The good news is that you can still eat your favorite foods, but you might need to eat smaller portions or enjoy them less often. Your health care team will help create a diabetes meal plan for you that meets your needs and likes.
The key to eating with diabetes is to eat a variety of healthy foods from all food groups, in the amounts your meal plan outlines.
The food groups are
- nonstarchy: includes broccoli, carrots, greens, peppers, and tomatoes
- starchy: includes potatoes, corn, and green peas
Use oils when cooking food instead of butter, cream, shortening, lard, or stick margarine.
Foods High In Fat Salt And Sugar
You dont need any of these as part of a healthy diet. The less often, the better. But we know youre bound to eat these foods from time to time, so its really important to know how they might affect your body.
These foods include biscuits, crisps, chocolates, cakes, ice cream, butter and sugary drinks. These sugary foods and drinks are high in calories and raise blood sugar levels, so go for diet, light or low-calorie alternatives. And the best drink to choose is water its calorie free.
Theyre also high in unhealthy saturated fats, so they arent good for cholesterol levels and your heart.
And they can also be full of salt processed foods especially. Too much salt can make you more at risk of high blood pressure and stroke. You should have no more than 1 tsp of salt a day.
We don’t recommend ‘diabetic’ ice cream or sweets. It’s now against the law to label any food as diabetic and there’s no evidence to suggest that food for diabetics offer any benefits over eating a healthy balanced diet.
Recommended Reading: Is 112 Glucose High
What To Drink When You Have Diabetes
Your choice of drinks can make a difference in your blood sugar levels. Palinski-Wade recommends focusing on unsweetened beverages, such as water and seltzer.
If you like coffee or tea, you may notice that caffeine increases your blood sugar levels, so Palinski-Wade advises monitoring your glucose response after consuming these drinks to see where you stand.
What Constitutes A Good Diet For Diabetics
Dr. Horowitz applauds the diets featured in this ranking for their inclusion of complex carbohydrates , lean proteins, healthy fats and dietary fiber, as well as their restriction of sweetened drinks and simple carbohydrates.
When it comes to keeping blood sugar levels within a healthy rangea key to successful diabetes managementDr. Horowitz recommends higher fiber foods because theyre slower to digest and take longer to affect glucose levels while also improving satiety.
The key to keeping glucose levels from rising is balance, she says. Having more of the meal composed of complex carbsand also eating a consistent amount of carbohydrates from meal to meal and avoiding meals that have too much at any one time including lean protein in the meal will help with satiety and prevent overeating.
Don’t Miss: Metformin 500 Mg Dosage
What Is Medical Nutrition Therapy
Medical nutrition therapy is a service provided by an RD to create personal eating plans based on your needs and likes. For people with diabetes, medical nutrition therapy has been shown to improve diabetes management. Medicare pays for medical nutrition therapy for people with diabetes If you have insurance other than Medicare, ask if it covers medical nutrition therapy for diabetes.
Carbs That Keep Blood Sugar Steady
Our wide variety of food products contain different levels and types of carbohydrates, making it harder to eat wisely with diabetes. In general, you will want to choose carbs that have the least impact on your blood sugar. That means selecting items that are high-fiber and low-sugar since these are absorbed more slowly and so have little impact on blood sugar changes. Think whole-grain breads and cereals, beans, fruits and vegetables, and dairy products without added sugar.
Read Also: What Is The Lowest Dose Of Metformin
Be Smart About Sweets
Eating a diabetic diet doesnt mean eliminating sugar altogether, but like most of us, chances are you consume more sugar than is healthy. If you have diabetes, you can still enjoy a small serving of your favorite dessert now and then. The key is moderation.
Reduce your cravings for sweets by slowly reduce the sugar in your diet a little at a time to give your taste buds time to adjust.
Hold the bread if you want dessert. Eating sweets at a meal adds extra carbohydrates so cut back on the other carb-heavy foods at the same meal.
Add some healthy fat to your dessert. Fat slows down the digestive process, meaning blood sugar levels dont spike as quickly. That doesnt mean you should reach for the donuts, though. Think healthy fats, such as peanut butter, ricotta cheese, yogurt, or nuts.
Eat sweets with a meal, rather than as a stand-alone snack. When eaten on their own, sweets cause your blood sugar to spike. But if you eat them along with other healthy foods as part of your meal, your blood sugar wont rise as rapidly.
When you eat dessert, truly savor each bite. How many times have you mindlessly eaten your way through a bag of cookies or a huge piece of cake? Can you really say that you enjoyed each bite? Make your indulgence count by eating slowly and paying attention to the flavors and textures. Youll enjoy it more, plus youre less likely to overeat.
The Best Diet Plan For Diabetics
Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the body stops making a hormone called insulin, or when the bodys cells dont use insulin effectively.
When the insulin response malfunctions, blood sugar can accumulate to dangerous and even life-threatening levels. Over time, high blood sugar also increases the risk of serious health complications, including heart disease and infections.
There are a few different types of diabetes, including type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for type 2 diabetes and are becoming increasingly common in type 1 diabetes. Excess body fat increases the release of inflammatory chemicals that make the body less sensitive to insulin.
Even modest weight loss in diabetes can improve insulin sensitivity and blood sugar control if youre overweight or obese.
There are a couple of proven approaches to weight loss with diabetes. Faster results are typically seen with a low-carb diet. However, low-fat diets are just as beneficial in the long term.
The trick is to select the plan that includes more of the foods you like, and that you can stick with forever. The great news is, a healthy diet can put you well on your way to better health if youre overweight or obese with diabetes.
About Kimberly Yawitz
Kim Yawitz is a registered dietitian and nutritionist in St. Louis, Missouri.
Learn more about her on the About page.
Joe Leech, Dietitian
Read Also: Low Blood Sugar Disease
Which Foods Should Be Avoided In A Type 2 Diabetes Meal Plan
People with type 2 diabetes should avoid many of the same unhealthy foods everyone should limit. Dietary restrictions include:
- Sodas: both sugar sweetened regular soda and diet soda raise blood sugar
- Refined sugars
- Processed carbs
- Trans fats such as butter “spreads,” some mayonnaise “spreads” some salad dressings, packaged sauces, bakery goods
- High-fat animal products
- High-fat dairy products
- High fructose corn syrup
- Artificial sweeteners
- Highly processed foods novelty sweets, candies, chips, kettle corn, cookies)
The best way to avoid these foods is to shop around the edges of the grocery store and minimize the number of processed, packaged foods in the middle. Sticking with “real” food in its whole, minimally processed form is the best way to eat well for diabetes. People with type 2 diabetes who eat a healthy diet pattern like the ones discussed here reduce the risk of complications that stem from high blood sugar, like cardiovascular disease and obesity.
Can I Follow A Vegetarian Or Vegan Diet With Type 2 Diabetes
Yes, definitely, and in fact plant-based diets can be especially beneficial for people with diabetes by providing lots of dietary fiber . Vegetarian and vegan are not necessarily synonymous with nutritious you could eat a vegetarian or vegan diet filled with highly processed junk, like chips and candy. So make sure your plant-based plan contains plenty of healthy items like fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains, nuts, and seeds and is relatively low in added sugar and processed fare.
Don’t Miss: Metformin Vs Insulin
Include Minimally Processed Fat
Fat is the macronutrient that has the least effect on blood sugar, adds richness and flavor to meals, and provides the majority of your energy needs on a low-carb diabetes diet. Remember to focus mostly on minimally processed fat sources as often as possible.
How Do Different Foods Affect Blood Sugar
The diabetes foods list above contains sources of three broad categories called macronutrients : carbohydrates , protein, and fat. Instead of being 100% protein, fat or carbs, many foods are actually a combination of two or all three like nuts, seeds and yogurt.
But how does each macronutrient affect your blood sugar?
Weight Loss And Type 2 Diabetes
Being overweight or obese increases the odds that youll become diabetic, as well as the risk of complications from the disease.
As body fat increases, so does the release of inflammatory chemicals called adipokines. In large enough amounts, these chemicals make the body less sensitive to the effects of insulin. In other words, they increase insulin resistance .
Insulin resistance is the number one cause of type 2 diabetes, and it can cause insulin depletion over time. As the body becomes less sensitive to insulin, the pancreas makes more and more to keep up. Eventually, this condition can become so severe that it necessitates insulin therapy.
Fortunately, weight loss can help improve insulin sensitivity and lower blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes. One study linked a 5% reduction in body weight to a 15% improvement in insulin sensitivity .
In another observational study of overweight and obese adults, hemoglobin A1C fell 0.81% for every 10 pounds of weight loss .
If someone with diabetes were to lose 20 pounds, they could greatly improve their insulin sensitivity.
Summary: Fat tissues in the body increase the release of inflammatory chemicals that, in turn, lower insulin sensitivity. This is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Studies have suggested that weight loss can increase insulin sensitivity and improve blood sugar levels, with greater improvements from more substantial reductions in body weight.
What Foods Should I Limit To Control My Blood Sugar
To keep your blood sugar under control, you may need to cut back on foods and drinks that are high in carbs. This doesn’t mean that you can never enjoy them. But you will need to have them less often or in smaller amounts.
The high-carb foods and drinks you should limit include:
- Sugary foods, such as candy, cookies, cake, ice cream, sweetened cereals, and canned fruits with added sugar
- Drinks with added sugars, such as juice, regular soda, and regular sports or energy drinks
- White rice, tortillas, breads and pasta – especially those made with white flour
- Starchy vegetables, such as white potatoes, corn, and peas
Don’t Miss: Can A Person With Diabetes Get A Tattoo
Healthy Eating And Diabetes
If you have diabetes, healthy eating can help you to:
- maintain general good health
- maintain a healthy body weight
- prevent or slow the development of diabetes complications.
Healthy eating for people with diabetes is no different than for everyone else. You do not need to prepare separate meals or buy special foods, so relax and enjoy healthy eating with the rest of your family.
When Youre Managing Diabetes And Prediabetes Your Eating Plan Is A Powerful Tool
But figuring out what to eat can feel like a hassle, right? Well, it doesn’t have to because there are easy things you can do to add flavor to your daily routineincluding healthy twists on your favorite foods.
One key to feeling your best lies in the food you eat. You can start by working with a registered dietitian nutritionist to make an eating plan that works for you. In it, be sure to include the foods you likeand dont be afraid to try something new.
Most importantly, remember that eating welland adding activity to your daily routine by moving moreare important ways you can manage diabetes. And were here to help you every step of the way.
Don’t Miss: Metformin 500 Side Effects
What Physical Activities Should I Do If I Have Diabetes
Most kinds of physical activity can help you take care of your diabetes. Certain activities may be unsafe for some people, such as those with low vision or nerve damage to their feet. Ask your health care team what physical activities are safe for you. Many people choose walking with friends or family members for their activity.
Doing different types of physical activity each week will give you the most health benefits. Mixing it up also helps reduce boredom and lower your chance of getting hurt. Try these options for physical activity.
Can I Drink Alcohol If I Have Type 2 Diabetes
For most people with type 2 diabetes, the general guideline for moderate alcohol consumption applies. Research shows that one drink per day for women and two a day for men reduces cardiovascular risk and doesn’t have a negative impact on diabetes. However, alcohol can lower blood sugar, and people with type 2 diabetes who are prone to hypoglycemia should be aware of delayed hypoglycemia.
Ways to prevent hypoglycemia include:
- Eat food with alcoholic drinks to help minimize the risk.
- Mixed drinks and cocktails often are made with sweeteners or juices, and contain a large amount of carbohydrates so they will increase blood sugar levels.
- Wear a diabetes alert bracelet so that people know to offer food if you demonstrate hypoglycemic symptoms.
It also is important to know that hypoglycemia symptoms often mimic those of intoxication.
Read Also: What Color Ribbon Is For Diabetes
Weight Loss And Type 1 Diabetes
Theres a common misconception that all people with type 1 diabetes are lean.
However, obesity is more common in people with type 1 diabetes than in those without the disease. Researchers have coined a new term called double diabetes to describe patients who have a combination of type 1 diabetes, obesity and insulin resistance .
Weight loss is just as beneficial for overweight or obese patients with type 1 diabetes as it is in type 2 diabetes. While most research has focused on weight loss in type 2 diabetes, studies suggest that similar weight loss strategies can be used in patients with type 1 diabetes .
Summary: Obesity is more common in type 1 diabetes than it is in the general population. Weight loss is just as important in these patients as it is for those with type 2 diabetes. Similar approaches to weight loss can be used.
What Types Of Diet Or Meal Plans Are Recommended For People With Type 2 Diabetes
Several dietary patterns have been studied, and have shown to have beneficial effects on type 2 diabetes. Because multiple patterns work, people can choose the eating pattern that works best for them. However, there are commonalities among all healthy diabetes diets. All healthy diabetes meal plans include:
People with type 2 diabetes must be extra aware of the carbohydrate content of their meals so their blood sugar levels don’t rise, or if they are using injectable insulin, so they can dose insulin appropriately.
A vegetarian or vegan diet can be a good choice for people with diabetes. Vegetarian and vegan diets are typically high in carbohydrates – about 13% higher than a diet with that includes both plant and animal products which we generally think is bad for diabetes. However, a vegetarian or vegan diet is typically fiber-rich and lower in calories and saturated fat, so the inflammatory risks associated with high meat consumption are avoided. Research studies that have tested vegetarian and vegan diets for people with diabetes have found them to be beneficial at reducing blood sugar.
A good quality vegetarian or vegan diet:
- Is high in vegetables and fruits
- Includes quality proteins such as beans, nuts, and seeds
- Includes plant-based fats such as olive oil and avocado
- Prioritizes whole grains such as brown rice and quinoa rather than refined carbohydrates
Read Also: Pasta For Diabetic
Carrot Methi Subzi Diet Plan
An uncommon but healthy combination carrots are abundant in vitamin A whereas methi has lots of calcium and iron. Moreover, this dish can go very well with steaming hot phulkas and curds and serves 4 people.