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HomeHealthWhich Of The Following Is Not True About Insulin

Which Of The Following Is Not True About Insulin

S For Treating A Person With Symptoms Keeping Them From Being Able To Treat Themselves

Session 47. How to Use R (Regular insulin, e.g. Humulin-R) to Cover Protein Meals.
  • If the glucagon is injectable, inject it into the buttock, arm or thigh, following the instructions in the kit. If your glucagon is inhalable, follow the instructions on the package to administer it into the nostril.
  • When the person regains consciousness , they may experience nausea and vomiting.
  • Dont hesitate to call 911. If someone is unconscious and glucagon is not available or someone does not know how to use it, call 911 immediately.

    Do NOT:

    • Inject insulin
    • Provide food or fluids

    What Will Insulin Be Like In The Future

    Pharmaceutical companies are working on very long-acting versions of insulin that could last for a week. There is also an ultra-fast version of insulin under development that will act in less than 15 minutes.

    Another group of researchers is looking at glucose responsive insulin , which would react to the needs of your body in real time. It would have nanosensors bound to the insulin so that when insulin is needed, it releases, and when it isnt, it stops, according to Dr. Hirsch.

    Symptoms Of Insulin Resistance

    You can’t tell that you have insulin resistance by how you feel. You’ll need to get a blood test that checks your blood sugar levels.

    Likewise, you wonât know if you have most of the other conditions that are part of insulin resistance syndrome without seeing your doctor.

    Some signs of insulin resistance include:

    • A waistline over 40 inches in men and 35 inches in women

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    What Happens If I Have Too Much Insulin

    If a person accidentally injects more insulin than required, e.g. because they expend more energy or eat less food than they anticipated, cells will take in too much glucose from the blood. This leads to abnormally low blood glucose levels . The body reacts to hypoglycaemia by releasing stored glucose from the liver in an attempt to bring the levels back to normal. Low glucose levels in the blood can make a person feel ill.

    The body mounts an initial ‘fight back’ response to hypoglycaemia through a specialised set of of nerves called the sympathetic nervous system. This causes palpitations, sweating, hunger, anxiety, tremor and pale complexion that usually warn the person about the low blood glucose level so this can be treated. However, if the initial blood glucose level is too low or if it is not treated promptly and continues to drop, the brain will be affected too because it depends almost entirely on glucose as a source of energy to function properly. This can cause dizziness, confusion, fits and even coma in severe cases.

    Some drugs used for people with type 2 diabetes, including sulphonylureas and meglitinides , can also stimulate insulin production within the body and can also cause hypoglycaemia. The body responds in the same way as if excess insulin has been given by injection.

    Disposal Of Used Insulin Syringes

    Solved: Which Of The Following Is Not True About Insulin A ...

    Used syringes, pen needles, cannulas and lancets must be disposed of in an Australian Standards-approved sharps container, which is puncture-proof and has a secure lid. These containers are usually yellow and are available through pharmacies, local municipal councils and state or territory diabetes organisations such as Diabetes Victoria. Procedures to dispose of sharps containers vary from state to state.For sharps disposal information and help, you can contact:

    • state or territory diabetes organisations, such as Diabetes Victoria
    • state department of health

    Insulin needs to be stored correctly. This includes:

    • storing unopened insulin on its side in a fridge
    • keeping the fridge temperature between 2 and 8°C
    • making sure that insulin does not freeze
    • once opened, keeping it at room temperature for not more than one month and then disposing of it safely
    • avoiding keeping insulin in direct sunlight.

    Extreme temperatures can damage insulin so it doesn’t work properly. It must not be left where temperatures are over 30 °C. In summer your car can get this hot so don’t leave your insulin there.

    There are various insulated insulin carry bags available for transporting insulin.

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    How Do Doctors Diagnose Insulin Resistance And Prediabetes

    Doctors use blood tests to find out if someone has prediabetes, but they dont usually test for insulin resistance. The most accurate test for insulin resistance is complicated and used mostly for research.

    Doctors most often use the fasting plasma glucose test or the A1C test to diagnose prediabetes. Less often, doctors use the oral glucose tolerance test , which is more expensive and not as easy to give.

    The A1C test reflects your average blood glucose over the past 3 months. The FPG and OGTT show your blood glucose level at the time of the test. The A1C test is not as sensitive as the other tests. In some people, it may miss prediabetes that the OGTT could catch. The OGTT can identify how your body handles glucose after a mealoften before your fasting blood glucose level becomes abnormal. Often doctors use the OGTT to check for gestational diabetes, a type of diabetes that develops during pregnancy.

    People with prediabetes have up to a 50 percent chance of developing diabetes over the next 5 to 10 years. You can take steps to manage your prediabetes and prevent type 2 diabetes.

    The following test results show Prediabetes2

    • A1C5.7 to 6.4 percent
    • FPG100 to 125 mg/dL
    • OGTT140 to 199 mg/dL

    You should be tested for prediabetes if you are overweight or have obesity and have one or more other risk factors for diabetes, or if your parents, siblings, or children have type 2 diabetes. Even if you dont have risk factors, you should start getting tested once you reach age 45.

    The Etiology Of Oxidative Stress In Insulin Resistance

    Volume 40, Issue 5 , October 2017, Pages 257-262 Author links open overlay panel SamanthaHurrle Walter H.Hsu Open Access funded by Chang Gung University Insulin resistance is a prevalent syndrome in developed as well as developing countries. It is the predisposing factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus, the most common end stage development of metabolic syndrome in the United States. Previously, studies investigating type 2 diabetes have focused on beta cell dysfunction in the pancreas and insulin resistance, and developing ways to correct these dysfunctions. However, in recent years, there has been a profound interest in the role that oxidative stress in the peripheral tissues plays to induce insulin resistance. The objective of this review is to focus on the mechanism of oxidative species generation and its direct correlation to insulin resistance, to discuss the role of obesity in the pathophysiology of this phenomenon, and to explore the potential of antioxidants as treatments for metabolic dysfunction.Continue reading > >

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    How Do You Choose The Right Syringe For Injecting Insulin

  • If your highest dose is near the syringe’s maximum capacity, consider buying the next size up in case your dosage increases
  • If you measure your doses in half units, be careful to choose an appropriate syringe that has the right measurements
  • When youre traveling, make sure to match your insulin strength with the correct size syringe if you purchase new syringes in an unfamiliar place
  • Just as there are different sizes of syringes for administering insulin, there are also varying sizes of insulin needles. Shorter needles usually mean less sting when injecting. The downside is that the shallower the injection is, the longer it takes for the insulin to work. Your doctor will help you find the balance thats best for you.

    What Are The Symptoms Of Insulin Resistance And Prediabetes

    How To Lower Insulin Levels | 10 Top Strategies

    Insulin resistance and prediabetes usually have no symptoms. Some people with prediabetes may have darkened skin in the armpit or on the back and sides of the neck, a condition called acanthosis nigricans. Many small skin growths called skin tags often appear in these same areas.

    Even though blood glucose levels are not high enough to cause symptoms for most people, a few research studies have shown that some people with prediabetes may already have early changes in their eyes that can lead to retinopathy. This problem more often occurs in people with diabetes.

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    What Causes Glucose In The Urine

    The kidneys filter waste products and excess water out of the blood. When the glucose in the blood is above normal level, the kidneys cant hold it all. The glucose then shows up in the urine. The glucose in the urine causes the urine output to increase in frequency and amount. This increase causes you to be thirstier.

    What Else Can I Do To Control My Blood Glucose Levels

    Food, sleep, and exercise are all of vital importance for regulating your blood sugar when you have diabetes.

  • Get enough sleep. Evidence shows that lack of sleep can lead to increased secretion of the hormone cortisol, which is inflammatory and can cause greater insulin resistance. Endocrinologist Al Powers MD of Vanderbilt University notes that when youre deprived of sleep or your sleep is disrupted, your glucose levels tend to go up, whether you have diabetes or not.
  • Exercise regularly. During exercise, insulin sensitivity is increased, and muscle cells use available insulin more efficiently. When your muscles contract during exercise, they also absorb glucose and use it for energy.
  • Follow a diabetic-safe diet recommended by your doctor with limited carbohydrates, such as the DASH diet or the Mediterranean diet. Both have been shown to help stabilize blood sugar levels.
  • Read Also: Can Antibiotics Lower Blood Sugar

    Important Safety Information For Apidra When Used In A Pump

    Replace the infusion sets , and the Apidra in the reservoir at least every 48 hours and select a new infusion site. Do not mix or dilute Apidra when used in the pump.Failure of your insulin pump or infusion set or degradation of the insulin in the pump can cause hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis. Always carry an alternate form of insulin administration in the case of pump failure.

    for Full Prescribing Information for Apidra. for information on Sharps Medical Waste Disposal. to learn more about Sanofi’s commitment to fighting counterfeit drugs.

    If you are a patient experiencing problems with a Sanofi US product, please contact Sanofi US at .

    The health information contained herein is provided for general educational purposes only. Your healthcare professional is the single best source of information regarding your health. Please consult your healthcare professional if you have any questions about your health or treatment.

    *Eligibility Restrictions & Offer Terms:

    Insulins Valyou Savings Program:

    Sanofi insulins included in this program are: ADMELOG® 100 Units/mL, TOUJEO® 300 Units/mL, LANTUS® 100 Units/mL and APIDRA® 100 Units/mL.

    Sanofi Copay Program:

    • Apidra: $0 copay with maximum savings up to $100 per pack up to 1 pack per fill.

    Savings may vary depending on patientsâ out-of-pocket costs. Upon registration, patients receive all program details. Sanofi US reserves the right to change the maximum cap amount, rescind, revoke or amend these programs without notice.

    What Causes Acetone In The Urine

    Solved: Select All That Apply. Which Of The Following Is N ...

    When the body cant use glucose because of the lack of insulin, the body uses fat for energy. This causes weight loss. When large amounts of fat are broken down too quickly, acetones are produced. Acetone builds up in the blood and “spills over” into the urine. Too many ketone acids in the blood may result in ketoacidosis.

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    Which Of The Following Is Not True Of Insulin A It Is

    Which of the following is NOT true of insulin a It is released into the blood Which of the following is not true of insulin a it is 100% 8 out of 8 people found this document helpful This preview shows page 1 – 3 out of 4 pages. 4. Which of the following is NOT true of insulin?a. It is released into the blood when blood glucose is high.b. It is produced by the pancreas.c. It stimulates the synthesis of fat.d. It stimulates ketone body synthesis.Correct insulin prevents ketone body synthesis. Score: 1 of 15. Which of the following is a TRUE statement about glucagon?Score: 1 of 16. Which of the following is NOT true of insulin resistance?a. It results in elevated levels of insulin in blood.b. It causes increased glucose production by the liver.c. It slows the removal of glucose from blood.d. It results in very rapid rates of fatty acid release from adipose tissue.Correct insulin resistance does not result in extremely rapids rates of lipolysis in adipose tissue.Score: 1 of 17. Which of the following is NOT true of type 2 diabetes?Correct as a result in the increase in childhood obesity, type 2 diabetesis now common in children.Continue reading > >

    Insulin And Insulin Resistance

    Go to: Abstract As obesity and diabetes reach epidemic proportions in the developed world, the role of insulin resistance and its consequences are gaining prominence. Understanding the role of insulin in wide-ranging physiological processes and the influences on its synthesis and secretion, alongside its actions from the molecular to the whole body level, has significant implications for much chronic disease seen in Westernised populations today. This review provides an overview of insulin, its history, structure, synthesis, secretion, actions and interactions followed by a discussion of insulin resistance and its associated clinical manifestations. Specific areas of focus include the actions of insulin and manifestations of insulin resistance in specific organs and tissues, physiological, environmental and pharmacological influences on insulin action and insulin resistance as well as clinical syndromes associated with insulin resistance. Clinical and functional measures of insulin resistance are also covered. Despite our incomplete understanding of the complContinue reading > >

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    Faq: Frequently Asked Questions

    1. Why is insulin so expensive?

    Though reforms are underway in many parts of the US, insulin costs are still prohibitively expensive for many people with diabetes. Reasons include the complexity of the pharmaceutical supply chain and lack of generic substitutes.

    2. What is sliding scale insulin?

    Sliding scale therapy is a regimen that prescribes a progressive increase in insulin doses before meals and at bedtime, based on your blood sugar levels.

    3. What is an insulin index?

    The insulin index gives foods a rating based on how much your blood insulin concentration rises in the two hours after consumption.

    4. What is an insulin resistance diet?

    An insulin resistance diet incorporates foods that will help maintain your bodys balance of insulin and blood sugar. Think nourishing calories from veggies, fruit, lean proteins, and healthy fats.

    Diabetes: Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus

    Diet for Insulin resistance, Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity

    Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus , also known as type 1 diabetes, usually starts before 15 years of age, but can occur in adults also. Diabetes involves the pancreas gland, which is located behind the stomach . The special cells of the pancreas produce a hormone called insulin.

    The body is made up of millions of cells. All cells need glucose from the food we eat for energy. Just as a car cant run without gasoline, the body cant work without glucose. Insulin is the key that allows glucose to enter the cells. Without this key, glucose stays in the bloodstream and the cells cant use it for energy. Instead, the glucose builds up in the blood and spills over into the urine. When a person develops type 1 diabetes, the pancreas stops making insulin. To help the bodys cells use the glucose, a child with type 1 diabetes mellitus must receive insulin by injection .

    Read Also: Insulin Promotes Glycolysis

    How Insulin Resistance Progresses To Type 2 Diabetes

    When you have insulin resistance, your pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it. For a while, this will work and your blood sugar levels will stay normal.

    Over time, though, your pancreas wonât be able to keep up. If you donât make changes in the way you eat and exercise, your blood sugar levels will rise until you have prediabetes. Your doctor will look for these blood test results:

    • Fasting plasma glucose test: 100-125
    • Oral glucose tolerance test: 140-199 after the second test
    • A1c results of 5.7% to 6.4%

    If you arenât able to manage prediabetes, youâll be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes when your test levels reach:

    • Fasting plasma glucose test: 126 or higher
    • Oral glucose tolerance test: 200 or higher after the second test
    • A1c results of 6.5% or above

    What Are The Drawbacks To Insulin Treatment For Diabetes

    The biggest issue with insulin right now is unaffordability. A box of rapid-acting insulin can cost $400 without insurance. As so many people continue to lose their health coverage, its becoming an enormous problem, Dr. Zilbermint says.

    Consistently rising costs have led some patients to ration their insulin, which can be dangerous and even deadly. The cost of testing strips is also an issue, and both have led to a black market in testing strips and insulin. Its illegal, says Dr. Zilbermint, but its happening.

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    How Can I Prevent Low Blood Sugar

    Your best bet is to practice good diabetes management and learn to detect hypoglycemia so you can treat it earlybefore it gets worse.

    Monitoring blood sugar, with either a meter or a CGM, is the tried and true method for preventing hypoglycemia. Studies consistently show that the more a person checks blood sugar, the lower his or her risk of hypoglycemia. This is because you can see when blood sugar levels are dropping and can treat it before it gets too low.

    If you can, check often!

    • Check before and after meals.
    • Check before and after exercise .
    • Check before bed.
    • After intense exercise, also check in the middle of the night.
    • Check more if things around you change such as, a new insulin routine, a different work schedule, an increase in physical activity, or travel across time zones.


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