Treatment For Diabetic Dogs
After testing based on the signs of dog diabetes, your veterinarian will prescribe a treatment suited to your individual pet’s condition. Initial management is difficult because it takes a while to discover the best way of adjusting the balance in a dogs body.
Dogs who are overweight, for example, will be put on a weight loss plan and may take upward of 4 months before achieving a healthier weight. Even then, theres ongoing maintenance using a specific diabetic dog diet. Your vet will give you a reasonable guideline for expectations, and recommend such a diabetic diet and exercise plan and specific dog foods for weight loss to fix the problem.
Canines with Type 1 diabetes need insulin injections. They will also require a dietary change. Those with Type 2 diabetes usually have their condition controlled with diet and weight loss programs.
- Do NOT change your dogs food suddenly. Consult with a vet, and do it gradually.
- Do NOT stray from the dietary plan. This was created as a lifestyle change that helps manage a dogs diabetes
- Do NOT stop observing your pet. When a dog seems better, its easy to become less diligent, but dogs with diabetes need careful, continuous observation. Your vet may ask you to take glucose tests and regular weigh-ins and report them.
How Can I Best Balance My Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms And Daily Life
Fortunately, there are medications that can help keep T1D at bay and reduce the risk of long-term complications. Type 1 diabetics who cannot make their own insulin will need a way to deliver it to their bodies, either through a pump or through injections underneath the skin with syringes or pens.
When T1D is properly controlled, a person with the condition will show no signs or symptoms, because they are playing an active role in keeping their blood sugar levels steady.
Signs and symptoms of type 1 diabetes can come on quickly, and they arent always obvious. Many times, theyre mistaken for other conditions. Making yourself aware of the signs and symptoms of T1D is a great way to be proactive about your health and the health of your family members. If you notice any of these signs or symptoms in yourself or a loved one, get in touch with your doctor ASAP. They can make a diagnosis by checking blood glucose levels and A1C to start treatment before there are any complications.
Frequent Urination Could Be Related To Diabetes
When there is excess glucose present in the blood, as with type 2 diabetes, the kidneys are not able to handle all of it and have to flush some out of the blood and into the urine, Ovalle says. This results in more urine production and increased urinary frequency and urgency, called polyuria. Some people may notice they have to get up every couple of hours during the night to urinate and that they produce more urine when they do go.
The presence of excess glucose can also cause the urine to have a sweet smell. This is most common in advanced cases of type 2 diabetes, he says.
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Prevalence Of Diabetic Diarrhea
While the prevalence of diabetic diarrhea will depend on the area being evaluated, it is estimated that type 1 diabetics have a higher rate of associated diarrhea compared to type 2 diabetics, with rates of five percent and 0.4 percent respectively. Diabetic diarrhea tends to be associated with disease duration, A1c levels, being a male, and autonomic neuropathy.
Questions To Ask Your Doctor
- Ive never been diagnosed with diabetes, but I have many of the symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis. Do I have diabetes?
- Im having a hard time controlling my blood sugar levels. Am I at risk of diabetic ketoacidosis?
- Will diet and exercise help me to avoid diabetic ketoacidosis?
- If I notice Im having symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis, what should I do first?
- Is it safe for me to exercise?
- How often should I check my blood sugar level if Im sick?
- What is the best way for me to check the ketone level in my body?
- I missed a dose of insulin. Should I start testing my blood sugar level and ketone level right away?
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When To Use Serum Fructosamine In Diabetic Cats
Serum fructosamine levels are proportional to the average blood glucose concentration that your cat has achieved over the past 7 14 days. Therefore, it can be used in long-term monitoring of diabetic cats. Recent changes in blood glucose concentrations are not detected by serum fructosamine levels.
Can A Dog Be On Antibiotics And Still Have Diarrhea
While antibiotics treat infections, they can also lead to diarrhea in your dog. In fact, gastrointestinal issues are one of the most common side effects of many antibiotics. Antibiotics treat infections by killing the bad bacteria in your dogs body. However, antibiotics are not able to differentiate between good bacteria and bad bacteria.
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Does Metformin Cause Diarrhea
Many people with type 2 diabetes use the medication metformin to help control their blood sugar. Diarrhea is a common side effect when a person first begins taking metformin. Occasionally, people will experience chronic diarrhea after theyve been on the medication for a long time, even years.
If you are a type 2 diabetic on metformin who is experiencing chronic diarrhea, talk to your healthcare provider about whether there are other options available to help control your blood sugar.
Symptoms Of Type 1 Diabetes
You might notice:
- Unplanned weight loss. If your body can’t get energy from your food, it will start burning muscle and fat for energy instead. You may lose weight even though you haven’t changed how you eat.
- Nausea and vomiting. When your body resorts to burning fat, it makes ketones. These can build up in your blood to dangerous levels, a possibly life-threatening condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. Ketones can make you feel sick to your stomach.
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Is It Bile Acids
Bile is produced by the liver to aid digestion, particularly of fats. It has been found that some people with diabetes and diarrhea have higher levels of bile than normal in their colon. Normally 95% of bile is reabsorbed at the end of the small intestine and recirculated via the liver.
Nerve damage to the bowel caused by diabetes could speed up the transit time so the bile does not have time to be reabsorbed or overgrowth of bacteria in the small intestine could interfere with its reabsorption. This leads to bile acid malabsorption which causes diarrhea.
There has been some success treating bile acid diarrhea with bile acid sequestrant medications such as colestyramine, colestipol and colesevelam which are resins which bind to the bile lessening its effect.
Diarrhoea As A Symptom Of Diabetes
All of us suffer from diarrhoea at some or the other point in life. However, the problem arises when these fecal incontinences are frequent and prevail all the time. When the body senses lack of hydration, the pituitary gland in it releases a hormone called vasopressin. Vasopressin is responsible for retention of water in the body. And so, the hormone can trigger liver to produce more sugar resulting in elevated blood sugar levels, and hence diabetes.
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What Causes People With Diabetes To Get Diarrhea
The cause for the connection between diabetes and diarrhea isnt clear, but research suggests that neuropathy may be a factor. Neuropathy refers to numbness or pain resulting from nerve damage. If you have diabetes, high blood sugar levels can damage your nerve fibers. This generally occurs in the hands or feet. Issues with neuropathy are common causes for many of the complications that accompany diabetes.
Another possible cause is sorbitol. People often use this sweetener in diabetic foods. Sorbitol has proven to be a potent laxative in amounts as small as 10 grams.
An imbalance in your enteric nervous system can also cause diarrhea. Your ENS regulates the functions of your gastrointestinal system.
Researchers have also looked at the following possibilities:
- bacterial overgrowth
- fecal incontinence resulting from anorectal dysfunction
- Celiac disease
Infants Toddlers And Young Children
The parent or caretaker of an infant, toddler, or young child with diarrhea and any of the following symptoms should seek a doctors care right away:
- diarrhea lasting more than 24 hours
- fever of 102 degrees or higher
- severe pain in the abdomen or rectum
- stools containing blood or pus
- stools that are black and tarry
- symptoms of dehydration
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Do You Have Celiac Disease
For reasons which are not clearly understood people with type 1 diabetes are more at risk of developing celiac disease than the general population.
This is an auto-immune disorder where antibodies are formed when the person eats foods containing gluten such as wheat and rye. These antibodies attack and damage the intestinal lining and cause many digestive symptoms including diarrhea.
If you have type 1 diabetes and are suffering from diarrhea it is important that you are tested for celiac disease.
Yellowish Scaly Patches On And Around Your Eyelids
These develop when you have high fat levels in your blood. It can also be a sign that your diabetes is poorly controlled.The medical name for this condition is xanthelasma.
- Tell your doctor about the yellowish scaly patches around your eyes.
- Talk with your doctor about how to better control your diabetes. Controlling diabetes can clear the scaly patches.
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Uncontrolled Diabetes May Trigger Unexpected Weight Loss
In type 2 diabetes, the bodys cells don’t get enough glucose for energy. As a result, the body can turn to breaking down its fat stores for energy, according to the Cleveland Clinic. Severe, unintended weight loss is most common when the type 2 diabetes goes undetected for a long time, according to research.
Increased urination can also contribute to weight loss. For example, if you are urinating high levels of glucose because of uncontrolled diabetes, you are literally flushing calories down the toilet, says Daniel Einhorn, MD, the medical director of the Scripps Whittier Diabetes Institute and a clinical professor of medicine at the University of California in San Diego. Dehydration involves a significant loss of water weight.
Causes And Diagnosis Of Diabetes In Dogs
The most common cause of diabetes in dogs is a genetic predisposition . The following breeds are those most commonly diagnosed with this disorder:
Additionally, overweight dogs or those receiving a low protein and high-carbohydrate diet are likely to suffer from diabetes as well due to disbalance of glucose.
To diagnose a dog with diabetes, a veterinarian needs the animal’s detailed medical history, as much as you can gather up to the date you noticed changes. A blood count, urinalysis, and chemical profile should give them enough for initial diagnosis and a treatment program.
If the vet suspects secondary complications, they may do an x-ray and ultrasound. This will show them if the dog has bladder stones and/or pancreas inflammation.
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Diarrhoea As A Side Effect Of Diabetes
Diabetes can occur either when the body is unable to produce enough insulin or when it is unable to use the produced insulin properly. Lack of insulin inhibits the absorption of sugar in the blood giving rise to blood sugar level and hence, diabetes. Recurrent cycles of loose and liquidy stools in an involuntary flux are not uncommon in diabetes. Researches say that nearly 22% of the diabetics experience repeated diarrhoea. Though the exact cause for this is still to unfold, following factors suggest what can be the possible prompts of diarrhoea in persons with diabetes.
1. Autonomic Neuropathy
Autonomic neuropathy starts to crop up when the nerves controlling involuntary functions of the body are damaged. This obstructs the path of signals travelling from brain to sensory organs and vice versa. Neuropathy is the reaction of this nerve damage which can be pains, weakness or even numbness mostly in hands and feet.
Diabetes is one of the biggest triggers of autonomic neuropathy but obvious. Due to disturbances in blood sugar levels, excess glucose starts depositing in the bloodstream blocking signals to brain and thus, causes nerve failure. Now, as the signals are not able to reach the organs from brain for prolonged periods, the organs starts disfunctioning. Herein when the digestive tract experiences dysfunction, the difficulty in digesting food can result in several problems like constipation, abdominal cramps, vomiting, heartburn and diarrhoea.
Can A Diabetic Dog Have Vomiting And Diarrhea
Home Care for Dogs with Diarrhea and Vomiting Vomiting and diarrhea are the most common symptoms seen in dogs. They can occur alone or together. It can be a very minor self-limiting problem or a very significant major problem. Below are some common questions pet owners ask when their dog has vomiting and diarrhea.
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Treating Low Blood Sugar Levels
The diabetes health care team will give you clear guidelines about how to treat hypoglycemia, depending on the severity of the symptoms.
If it’s convenient, test the blood sugar levels before treating your child to confirm that the symptoms are due to hypoglycemia. If blood sugar can’t be checked immediately, don’t delay treating your child’s symptoms you can always do a test after getting the blood sugar back into the normal range.
When blood sugar levels are low, the goal is to get them back up quickly. To do that, give your child sugar or sugary foods that raise the blood glucose level quickly. In general, treatment for hypoglycemia involves:
- having your child eat or drink a form of glucose that works fast, like regular soda, orange juice, or cake frostingor having your child take special tablets or gels that contain glucose. Generally, symptoms will stop about 10 minutes after your child takes sugar.
- rechecking your child’s blood sugar to make sure that the level is no longer low and giving your child food to help prevent the blood sugar from dropping again
- giving glucagon , if symptoms are severe or get worse after your child is given sugar by mouth
For more severe cases of hypoglycemia in which seizures or loss of consciousness happen, giving sugar by mouth may be very difficult or even dangerous. In that case, a glucagon injection should be given.
When possible, adult family members and your child’s caregivers and school staff should know:
What Are The Possible Complications Of Type 1 Diabetes In A Child
Type 1 diabetes can cause:
- Ketoacidosis. This is when blood sugar levels are very high and the body starts making ketones. This is a very serious condition that needs to be treated right away in the hospital, sometimes in the intensive care unit. If your child is not treated right away, they are at risk for diabetic coma. A child with a diabetic coma loses consciousness because of brain swelling. The brain swells because of the very high blood sugar levels.
- Low blood sugar . This is also sometimes called an insulin reaction. This occurs when blood glucose drops too low.
Your childs healthcare provider will tell you how to avoid these problems.
Over time, high blood sugar levels can damage blood vessels. Balancing insulin, diet, and activity can help keep blood sugar levels in the target range and help prevent complications such as:
- Eye problems
- Heart and blood vessel disease
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When To Worry If Your Dog Has Diarrhea
If your dog has diarrhea, then youre already familiar with the signs: loose, liquid-like stool, with frequent trips outside to relieve the bowel. Diarrhea in dogs can occur suddenly and last as long as a day or two up to a few weeks or months. If your dogs diarrhea persists for more than a day, dehydration can be a concern.
Urinary tract infection due to high levels of glucose in the urine makes it a great place for bacteria to grow. Loss of sight another side effect of diabetes is cataracts , which can lead to blindness.
How Is Type 1 Diabetes Treated In A Child
Children with type 1 diabetes must have daily injections of insulin to keep the blood glucose level within normal ranges. Insulin is given either by injection or insulin pump. Your childs healthcare provider will show you how to give your child insulin with either method.
Treatment will also include:
- Eating the right foods to manage blood glucose levels. This includes timing meals and counting carbohydrates.
- Exercise, to lower blood sugar
- Regular blood testing to check blood-glucose levels
- Regular urine testing to check ketone levels
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Foot Pain And Numbness Can Be Signs Of Diabetic Neuropathy
Over time, a prolonged exposure to high blood sugar level can damage the nerves throughout the body, called diabetic neuropathy. Some people may not have any symptoms of the damage, while others may notice numbness, tingling, or pain in the extremities.
Diabetic neuropathy usually starts in the feet and then it progresses upward, says Ovalle. Although most common in people who have had type 2 diabetes for 25 years or more, it can occur in people who have prediabetes as well. When it affects the nerves outside the brain and spinal cord, its termed peripheral neuropathy.
Numbness in the feet can increase their risk of infection: If you don’t feel a cut or scrape on your foot, you might not notice or properly treat it, he says.