Increased Urination Is Arguably The Most Common
A significant increase in how often you urinate ;is a tell-tale symptom of high blood sugar.
As a point of reference, the average person pees 4 to 7 times in a 24-hour period.
Waking up during the night to go, even though you already went right before bed, is a common red flag.
Why does this happen?: Your kidneys are working overtime to expel the excess sugar in your blood. Sugar that the kidneys are unable to absorb must be urinated out. Therefore high sugar levels leads to more urination.
What Are Symptoms Of High Blood Sugar
When blood sugar levels are high, most people will feel thirsty and feel a need to urinate more often.;
Symptoms of high blood sugar include:
- Increased thirst;
Keep Your Diabetes Under Control
If your bladder dysfunction is specifically caused by diabetes damage to your nerves, then controlling diabetes can have a modest effect on improving your condition. Follow your doctors instructions on how to best deal with diabetes. Often times, having a well-balanced diet and taking up regular exercise are key to managing diabetes.;
You May Like: Bananas And Diabetes Type 2
What Is Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes, sometimes known as juvenile diabetes, is a chronic autoimmune condition in which your pancreas loses the ability to produce insulin. It can be triggered by a virus, such as the common cold or flu, and there is evidence that it has a genetic component as well.
Following a viral infection, your body can sometimes malfunction and respond by attacking its own cells. This process is known as an autoimmune response. In type 1 diabetes, your bodys immune system specifically attacks cells in your pancreas called beta cells, which produce the hormone insulin. In that case, damaged beta cells mean your body either stops producing enough insulin, or it cant produce insulin at all.
Why Do Diabetics Pee A Lot
In diabetes, blood sugar level goes up and the excess glucose has to be excreted in the form of urination. Frequent urination generally happens in case of type-2 diabetes and kidneys have to work a lot in this case, the more is the urination, higher is an urge to urinate.
Frequent urination is the commonest symptom among those suffering from diabetes. Diabetics have a problem in which their bodies cannot regulate the glucose level in blood. In such cases, person suffering from Diabetes tends to urinate excessively and this increased frequency of urination is called polyuria. Increased frequency of urination is seen particularly more during the night. If a person has already been suffering from uncontrolled diabetes , polyuria is bound to occur.
When considering why diabetics pee a lot, here are some factors that influence the condition.
You May Like: What Is A Normal A1c Score
Urinary Tract Infections And Yeast Infections
High sugar levels within the urine are a breeding ground for bacteria and yeast near the genitalia. Urinary tract infections come with a burning sensation during urination and cloudy, dark or off-smelling urine. Yeast infections come with itching, burning and discharge. People with diabetes are twice as likely to suffer from these types of infections.
Red Flag: Regularly occurring UTIs or yeast infections.
Extremely Dry Itchy Skin
Dry, itchy skin
If you have diabetes, youre more likely to have dry skin. High blood sugar can cause this. If you have a skin infection or poor circulation, these could also contribute to dry, itchy skin.
- Tell your doctor about your extremely dry skin. Gaining better control of diabetes can reduce dryness.
- If you continue to have dry skin after you gain better control of your diabetes, a dermatologist can help.
You May Like: Can You Have Low Blood Sugar Without Diabetes
Silent Symptoms Of Diabetes
More than 30 million Americans have diabetes, including 7.2 million that are undiagnosed. Additionally, 1.5 million Americans are newly diagnosed each year. Type 2 diabetes accounts for 90 to 95 percent of all diabetes cases. Diabetes has plenty of early signs, but some symptoms are subtle. Here are 10 subtle signs of diabetes:
Faq: Frequently Asked Questions
What are the most common symptoms of type 1 diabetes?;
Regardless of age, the most common symptoms of T1D are excessive thirst, fatigue, headache, and frequent urination.Why do people with type 1 diabetes urinate so often?
When sugar accumulates in a persons bloodstream, their body acts quickly to get rid of it by making extra urine. Excess glucose also triggers thirst signals in the brain, which results in drinking more and having to go to the bathroom more as well.
Why are type 1 diabetes symptoms different in children and adults?For reasons that still arent totally clear, the onset of T1D is much slower in adults, often taking months for symptoms to fully manifest, whereas in children, it may only take days. High blood-sugar levels are present for longer in the bloodstream of adults, meaning that there is more opportunity for long-term damage to organs and bodily systems. For instance, untreated high blood-sugar over several months time can lead to nerve and kidney damage, which is a complication often found in adults who have recently received a type 1 diabetes diagnosis, but hardly ever in children.What happens if type 1 diabetes is left untreated?T1D symptoms, if left untreated, can lead to complications such as eye damage, kidney damage, nerve damage, heart disease, and osteoporosis. Luckily, by working with your endocrinologist to manage your blood sugar, you can avoid all of them.
Don’t Miss: Does Insulin Raise Or Lower Blood Sugar
Is Clear Pee A Sign Of Diabetes
Patients with diabetes insipidus have high amounts of urine that is diluted because of this inability to control the amount of water in the urine. Most cases of diabetes insipidus occur because there isnt enough ADH, or because the kidneys are not responding properly to ADH.
In medical terminology, clear urine describes urine thats absent of any sediment or cloudiness. From drinking excessive amounts of water to having an underlying medical condition, there are many potential causes of colorless, clear urine. While every person may experience urine that appears clear occasionally when theyve had a lot of water or other fluids, you should seek medical attention if your urine is consistently clear and youre urinating much more than usual for more than two days. Clear urine related to diabetes mellitus is often treated by administering oral medications or insulin, a hormone that helps your body use blood sugar more effectively.
Why is my pee clear even though I dont drink water? If your urine is without visible urochrome or yellow pigment, its considered colorless urine, appearing clear to you. This colorless urine is sometimes due to drinking an excess of water, while other times it can signal a problem with the kidneys.
Is clear urine a good sign? Clear urine is a sign of good hydration and a healthy urinary tract. However, if they consistently notice clear urine and also have extreme or unusual thirst, it is best to speak to a doctor.
Diabetes: 12 Warning Signs That Appear On Your Skin
Diabetes can affect many parts of your body, including your skin. When diabetes affects the skin, its often a sign that your blood sugar levels are too high. This could mean that:
You have undiagnosed diabetes, or pre-diabetes
Your treatment for diabetes needs to be adjusted
If you notice any of the following warning signs on your skin, its time to talk with your doctor.
Read Also: How Does Coffee Affect Blood Sugar
Uncontrolled Diabetes May Trigger Unexpected Weight Loss
In type 2 diabetes, the bodys cells don’t get enough glucose for energy. As a result, the body can turn to breaking down its fat stores for energy, according to the Cleveland Clinic. Severe, unintended weight loss is most common when the type 2 diabetes goes undetected for a long time, according to research.
Increased urination can also contribute to weight loss. For example, if you are urinating high levels of glucose because of;uncontrolled diabetes, you are literally flushing calories down the toilet, says;Daniel Einhorn, MD, the medical director of the Scripps Whittier Diabetes Institute and a clinical professor of medicine at the University of California in San Diego. Dehydration involves a significant loss of water weight.
Cuts Or Wounds That Are Very Slow To Heal
Its not uncommon for an individual with high blood sugars to get a bruise or cut;that just does not heal.
This is particularly common on the extremities that are furthest from the heart, like hands or feet.
Why does this happen?: Sugar lingering in the bloodstream begins to damage the arteries and veins, which;restricts circulation.;Blood is required to facilitate healing, so limited circulation to a wound or bruise will slow the healing process dramatically.
Read Also: How Does Diabetes Cause Kidney Disease
Outbreak Of Small Reddish
When these bumps appear, they often look like pimples. Unlike pimples, they soon develop a yellowish color. Youll usually find these bumps on the buttocks, thighs, crooks of the elbows, or backs of the knees. They can form anywhere though.
These bumps appear suddenly and clear promptly when diabetes is well-controlled.
When these bumps appear, they often look like pimples. Unlike pimples, they soon develop a yellowish color. Youll usually find these bumps on the buttocks, thighs, crooks of the elbows, or backs of the knees. They can form anywhere though. No matter where they form, they are usually tender and itchy. The medical name for this skin condition is eruptive xanthomatosis.
- Tell your doctor about the bumps because this skin condition appears when you have uncontrolled diabetes.
- Talk with your doctor about how to better control your diabetes.
Why Does Diabetes Cause Frequent Urination
Insulin is a hormone that draws glucose or sugar into the cells to use as energy. This can result in highly elevated blood sugar levels.
Too much sugar in your blood is extremely taxing on the kidneys, which work to process that sugar. When the kidneys arent up to the job, much of that glucose is eliminated from the body through your urine.
This process also flushes out valuable hydrating fluids from your body, often leaving people with diabetes peeing frequently as well as dehydrated.
Early on, you may not even notice that youre urinating more often than normal. One of the key warning signs, however, should be if frequent urination starts to wake you up from sleep and deplete your energy levels.
Recommended Reading: Where To Dispose Of Insulin Needles
What Does It Mean When My Dog Is Peeing On Me
If your dog is peeing on you, it means that theyre being territorial, jealous, anxious, bored, or excited. But if theyre also acting weird, there might be something wrong in their body.
They may be marking you as an important resource. Especially when there are other dogs around. Or they couldnt control their bladder due to anxiety or excitement.
Dogs can also do this to seek attention. However, they could also be:
- In pain.
- Suffering from dementia.
How Is Clear Urine Treated
Treatments for colorless, clear urine will depend on the underlying cause. For example, if youre drinking too much water on a regular basis, reducing the amount of water you drink can help.
Clear urine related to diabetes mellitus is often treated by administering oral medications or insulin, a hormone that helps your body use blood sugar more effectively. Insulin helps the bodys tissues move glucose into the cells where its needed and keeps excess sugar out of the bloodstream where it can cause increased urination.
Other causes of colorless urine need to be identified and properly treated so that kidney complications and problems with blood chemistry can be avoided.
Read Also: Does Low Blood Sugar Cause Headaches
Preventing Dka By Controlling Blood Pressure
Preventing high blood pressure, which often goes together with diabetes and also with kidney disease; should be controlled with diet, activity, a low salt diet, and medications if needed. You want to keep your blood pressure under 140 systolic/90 diastolic, but some providers will want you to keep it below 130/80.
Preventing DKA by controlling cholesterol
High cholesterol, which also goes together with diabetes and kidney disease, can also be controlled with a heart healthy diet, activity, and medications if needed. If left unchecked, high cholesterol can cause plaques to be deposited in the arteries and veins near and in the kidneys. This can cause problems in the functioning of the kidneys. You will want to keep your total cholesterol below 200 mg/dL, your LDL under 100 mg/dL, your HDL greater than 50 mg/dL, and triglycerides less than 150 mg/dL.
Preventing your DKA by keeping your A1C and blood sugar in target
Of course, the main way to prevent DKA is to self-manage your diabetes well. Keep your A1C below 7 percent, and your blood sugars in their target ranges. If you are not sure what your target ranges are, read our article here. This will help to protect your kidneys, along with controlling your blood pressure, cholesterol, and keeping check-up appointments with your doctor for needed renal function tests.
What Is Diabetes Insipidus
Diabetes insipidus , also called water diabetes, is a condition marked by increased thirst and urination. It is not to be confused with the more common type of diabetes, diabetes mellitus . Four underlying conditions can lead to DI.
Central DI is the most common type and is caused by destruction of part of the pituitary gland that produces vasopressin, which regulates water balance and urine output from the kidneys. In infants and children, this is often an inherited condition. Other causes include tumors, infections and head injury.
Nephrogenic DI occurs when the pituitary produces enough vasopressin but the kidneys fail to recognize it because of an inherited or acquired kidney disease.
Maintaining proper water balance by drinking enough fluids is critical for children with DI, as they tend to lose a lot of water with frequent urination, which can lead to life-threatening dehydration. However, drinking too much water is also dangerous, as it may lead to a rare condition called water intoxication.
Also Check: Is Diabetes A Disease Or A Condition
Signs & Symptoms Of Hyperglycemia
The symptoms of hyperglycemia are similar to those that happen when someone is diagnosed with diabetes, such as:
- Frequent urination: The kidneys respond to high levels of glucose in the bloodstream by flushing out the extra glucose in urine . A child with diabetes who has hyperglycemia may need to pee more often and in larger volumes.
- Extreme thirst: Kids with;hyperglycemia who lose;a lot of;fluid from urinating often become very thirsty and may drink a lot in an attempt to prevent dehydration.
- Weight loss despite increased appetite: Without enough insulin to help the body use glucose, the body breaks down muscle and stored fat in an attempt to provide fuel to hungry cells.
- Fatigue: Because the body can’t use glucose for energy properly, kids with hyperglycemia may be unusually tired.
Effects Of High Blood Sugar
Gestational diabetes is a metabolic disorder that affects how the body uses glucose, the primary fuel used by cells. These cells require a hormone called insulin to be able to use glucose. During pregnancy, some women have increased insulin resistance, which means their bodies are unable to regulate insulin properly. As a result, glucose can accumulate in high levels in the blood.
During pregnancy, your body goes through a variety of changes. You will feel all sorts of symptoms, and it can be difficult pinpointing when a certain symptom is normal during pregnancy and when its caused by another health issue, such as gestational diabetes.
The symptoms of gestational diabetes are similar to symptoms of type 2 diabetes, which occurs independent of pregnancy and is also caused by insulin resistance. Lets take a look at common symptoms of gestational diabetes that you should look out for.
Yellow Reddish Or Brown Patches On Your Skin
This skin condition often begins as small raised solid bumps that look like pimples. As it progresses, these bumps turn into patches of swollen and hard skin. The patches can be yellow, reddish, or brown.
You may also notice:
- The surrounding skin has a shiny porcelain-like appearance
- You can see blood vessels
- The skin is itchy and painful
- The skin disease goes through cycles where it is active, inactive, and then active again
- Get tested for diabetes, if you have not been diagnosed.
- Work with your doctor to better control your diabetes.
- See a dermatologist about your skin. Necorbiosis lipodica is harmless, but it can lead to complications.
How To Manage Increased Urination In Diabetes
The most effective way to manage excessive peeing, is to control diabetes in the first place. In advanced form of diabetes, polyuria can be controlled with apt medication and good diet. Proper advice from an endocrinologist is essential for effective diabetes management. For treating complex cases of diabetes and urinary problems, it is necessary to see an urologist as well.
Appropriate medications, proper diet and food which controls blood glucose level, is important to manage diabetes. With the help of proper medication, you can always keep yourself healthy and fit. As dehydration is a major concern in diabetics, it is important to increase the intake of water and fluids as well. Numerous people who are suffering from diabetes face this problem which becomes a cause of concern during summers. So, make sure you are taking all your medications in a proper way and follow a lifestyle which keeps you active.
Now that you know why diabetics pee a lot, maintaining a healthy routine and controlling blood sugar level can help you in every way.
|Written, Edited or Reviewed By:Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA Pain Assist Inc.This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimerLast Modified On: August 22, 2017|
You May Like: How Many People Have Diabetes In The Us