Can Type 1 Or Type 2 Be Cured Or Prevented
Unfortunately, theres currently no permanent cure for either type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
But theres evidence that some people with type 2 can put their diabetes into remission by losing weight. Following a very low-calorie diet under medical supervision, or having surgery are some ways you can put your type 2 diabetes into remission.
Were also funding some vital research projects to help transform treatment and care. And to help find a cure for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes
The symptoms of diabetes include feeling very thirsty, passing more urine than usual, and feeling tired all the time.
The symptoms occur because some or all of the glucose stays in your blood and isn’t used as fuel for energy. Your body tries to get rid of the excess glucose in your urine.
The main symptoms of type 2 diabetes are:
- urinating more often than usual, particularly at night
- itchiness around the genital area, or regular bouts of thrush
- cuts or wounds that heal slowly
- blurred vision caused by the lens of the eye becoming dry
The signs and symptoms of type 1 diabetes are usually obvious and develop very quickly, often over a few weeks.
These signs and symptoms aren’t always as obvious, however, and it’s often diagnosed during a routine check-up.
This is because they are often mild and develop gradually over a number of years. This means you may have type 2 diabetes for many years without realising it.
Early diagnosis and treatment for type 2 diabetes is very important as it may reduce your risk of developing complications later on.
Can Symptoms Appear Suddenly
In people with type 1 diabetes, the onset of symptoms can be very sudden, while in type 2 diabetes, they tend to come about more gradually, and sometimes there are no signs at all.
Symptoms sometimes occur after a viral illness. In some cases, a person may reach the point of diabetic ketoacidosis before a type 1 diagnosis is made. DKA occurs when blood glucose is dangerously high and the body can’t get nutrients into the cells because of the absence of insulin. The body then breaks down muscle and fat for energy, causing an accumulation of ketones in the blood and urine. Symptoms of DKA include a fruity odor on the breath, heavy, taxed breathing and vomiting. If left untreated, DKA can result in stupor, unconsciousness, and even death.
People who have symptomsof type 1 or of DKAshould contact their health care provider immediately for an accurate diagnosis. Keep in mind that these symptoms could signal other problems, too.
Some people with type 1 have a “honeymoon” period, a brief remission of symptoms while the pancreas is still secreting some insulin. The honeymoon phase usually occurs after someone has started taking insulin. A honeymoon can last as little as a week or even up to a year. But its important to know that the absence of symptoms doesn’t mean the diabetes is gone. The pancreas will eventually be unable to secrete insulin, and, if untreated, the symptoms will return.
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There Are A Few Ways To Treat Type 1 Diabetes:
- Monitor your blood sugar. Living with diabetes means getting familiar with healthy blood sugar levels and checking yours regularly. Depending on your health care providers specific recommendation, you might need to check it four to ten times daily. Youll use a small blood sugar meter called a glucometer to measure glucose levels in a pin-prick of blood on a disposable test strip. Another option is to have a continuous glucose monitor, which automatically measures your blood sugar every few minutes using a sensor inserted underneath the skin.
- Take insulin. Because your body doesnt produce it on its own, youll have to get it another way. There are a few methods for taking insulin, including regular injections or a wearable insulin pump, which delivers small, steady doses of fast-acting insulin throughout the day through a thin tube. Though its certainly not the most convenient lifestyle, it often becomes second nature for people living with type 1 diabetes.
- Maintain a balanced diet. You dont have to be extremely restrictive, but carbohydrates are the foods youll want to watch, making sure to eat them consistently but not go overboard. If youre taking a fixed amount of insulin, keeping your carbohydrate intake consistent to match is important.
- Exercise. Staying active is always an important component of health, but for people with type 1 diabetes, it can help keep blood sugar levels in check and cause your body to use the insulin more efficiently.
How Are The Signs And Symptoms Similar
There isn’t a difference between the symptoms of either disease. The “classic” symptoms are the same for both diabetes type 1 and type 2:
- Increased urine output
- Unexplained weight loss
For both type 1 and type 2, early symptoms of untreated diabetes arise due to elevated blood sugar levels and the presence of glucose in the urine. High amounts of glucose in the urine can cause increased urine output and dehydration. Dehydration, in turn, causes increased thirst.
A lack of insulin or an inability of insulin to work properly affects protein, fat, and carbohydrate metabolism. Insulin normally encourages the storage of fat and protein, so when there is inadequate insulin or poorly functioning insulin, this eventually leads to weight loss despite an increase in appetite.
Some untreated diabetes patients also experience generalized symptoms like fatigue, nausea, and vomiting. People with diabetes are also at risk for infections of the bladder, skin, and vaginal areas. Changes in blood glucose levels can lead to blurred vision. When blood sugar levels are extremely high, lethargy and coma can result.
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Symptoms Of Type 1 Diabetes Onset In Adults
When an adult is diagnosed with diabetes, they are often mistakenly told that they have type 2 diabetes. This is because there may be a lack of understanding by some doctors that type 1 diabetes can start at any age, and in people of every race, shape and size. People with type 1 diabetes who have elevated blood glucose and classic risk factors for type 2 diabetes, such as being overweight or physically inactive, are often misdiagnosed. It can also be tricky because some adults with new-onset type 1 diabetes are not sick at first. Their doctor finds an elevated blood sugar level at a routine visit and starts them on diet, exercise and an oral medication.
What Happens When You Have Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes
If you have either type 1 or type 2 diabetes, it means you have too much glucose in your blood. This is the same for both types. But the difference between them is how this happens.
If you have type 1 diabetes, it means you have an autoimmune condition. This means your body has attacked and destroyed the cells that make a hormone called insulin. So you cant make insulin anymore.
We all need insulin as it helps take the glucose from our blood into our bodys cells. We then use this glucose for energy. Without insulin, the glucose level in your blood gets too high.
Type 2 diabetes is different. If youve got type 2, either your body doesnt make enough insulin, or your insulin doesnt work properly. This is known as insulin resistance. Like type 1, this means the level of glucose in your blood is too high.
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Is Egg Good For Diabetes
Eggs are a versatile food and a great source of protein. The American Diabetes Association considers eggs an excellent choice for people with diabetes. That’s primarily because one large egg contains about half a gram of carbohydrates, so it’s thought that they aren’t going to raise your blood sugar.
Age Is The Key Risk Factor
To illustrate this, Im going to use myself as an example and do some crude calculations. Im 36 and have type 1 diabetes. Most people with COVID-19 arent hospitalised. However, if hospitalised with COVID-19, the average 36-year-old has a 0.3% chance of dying. Because I have type 1 diabetes, my chances of dying are 3.5 times higher. That means my current chances of dying with COVID-19 once hospitalised are around 1%.
However, if the average 80-year-old is hospitalised with COVID-19, they have a 15% chance of dying. So, though diabetes does increase my risk, my age still remains the most important factor, by far, in determining my chances of dying with COVID-19. My risk at 80 would still be higher than someone of that age without diabetes, so both would need to be taken into account.
It is really important to note that these figures are not someones overall risk of dying from COVID-19, they are the risk of dying if they contract COVID-19 and if the infection is then severe enough to warrant hospitalisation.
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A1c Goals For Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes
People living with type 1 or type 2 diabetes are all encouraged to achieve an HbA1c level at or below 7.0 percent for the best prevention of diabetes-related complications.
A crucial part of diabetes management for both type 1 and type 2 is testing your blood sugar. Using a glucometer or continuous glucose monitor each day is the only way to know if your choices around food, insulin, exercise, and other medications are keeping your blood sugar within a safe range.
For some people with diabetes especially those who have hypoglycemia unawareness or the elderly aiming for an A1c of 7.0 may present too much risk and stress.
Determining the right A1c goal for you based on your current diabetes management, your goals , and other stressors in your life can mean that tighter blood sugar management isnt realistic.
Instead, focus on doing the best you can with an A1c goal that is realistically achievable and safe for your life at this time.
- Read more on how to lower your A1c in Diabetes Strongs A1c Guide.
Complications Of Type 2 Diabetes
Diabetes can cause serious long-term health problems. It’s the most common cause of vision loss and blindness in people of working age.
Everyone with diabetes aged 12 or over should be invited to have their eyes screened once a year for diabetic retinopathy.
Diabetes is also responsible for most cases of kidney failure and lower limb amputation, other than accidents.
Read more about the complications of type 2 diabetes
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Symptoms Of Type 1 Diabetes
The symptoms of type 1 diabetes come on much more quickly and severely because the development of the disease usually happens within a matter of weeks once the immune system has begun attacking the cells that produce insulin.
As insulin production quickly decreases, blood sugar levels quickly increase.
Left unnoticed or untreated, the dangerously high blood sugar levels within even one month of having the disease can become fatal or nearly fatal, putting undiagnosed patients in comas.
Fortunately, most cases of type 1 diabetes are caught before this happens due to its very consistent symptoms.
The most common symptoms of type 1 diabetes include:
- Sudden extreme thirst
- Tingling pain or numbness in feet and hands
Type 1 Or Type 2 Diabetes
By | Submitted On May 15, 2009
Diabetes is increasingly becoming more common these days as the number of people diagnosed every year increased by 48% between 1980 and 1994 and nearly all the new cases are Type 2 Diabetes. This is not only a pandemic, but also one that needs to be found a cure.
As you may, or may not, already know, Type 2 Diabetes is the most common form of Diabetes that can actually be cured with a little bit of effort. It is also known as non-insulin dependent diabetes and it affects 90-95% of the entire 21 million person community who is unfortunate enough to have it.
Some of the symptoms include:*Frequent urination*Irritability*Blurry vision
The vast difference between people with Type 1 diabetes as opposed to Type 2 is the fact that those people with Type 1 are resistant to insulin and are not able to produce it naturally….at all. They are also considered to have a type of autoimmune disease because their body disables their own defenses of the cells that are needed to produce said insulin.
People with Type 2 Diabetes produce insulin via their pancreas, which separates them from Type 1 . However, the difference is that for people with Type 2, the insulin is either not enough or the body simply ignores it and is not properly used because they are resistant to it as well.
It’s important to arm yourself with the knowledge required to defeat Diabetes and start living a better life without the chains or disease.
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Which Type Of Diabetes Is The Worse
You need to consider the following points before arriving at the question as to which is the more serious and worst type of diabetes:
- Type 1 diabetes patients might need a lot of insulin from the very onset of the disease. However, as type 2 progresses, the patients have to administer insulin into their bodies as well.
- People with type 1 can be diagnosed immediately. If you have type 2, however, the diagnosis might come even after a period of five to six long periods
Hence, as seen above, it is very difficult to answer the question which type of diabetes is worse amongst the two. There are various measures you need to take in order to deal with either of the two diabetes types. Some important measures include:
- Be mindful of what is going on in your body
- Use the available treatments effectively
- Lead a healthy life as directed and advised by the medical experts
- Understand the food that you are taking in
- You should stay motivated and disciplined while you are trying to handle the disease
Thus, whether you have type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes, you need to adopt appropriate measures to handle both the situations. Each one can be tackled in its own way. Both are complicated and there is nothing like one is worse than the other.
Treatment For Type 1 Diabetes Vs Type 2 Diabetes
Theres only one treatment for type 1 diabetes, says Dr. Block: insulin replacement. Those with type 1 diabetes are unable to produce insulin and therefore need insulin replacement to survive. Because its an autoimmune disease, type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented or cured.
Type 2 diabetes, however, can be prevented if its caught early enough, Dr. Block says. In the early stages, type 2 diabetes can be treated with lifestyle changes, then typically oral medication or weekly injections, he says. But even still, Dr. Block says many patients will require insulin with type 2 diabetes to help keep blood glucose levels under control.
Often, patients feel that type 2 diabetes is their fault, but it is a genetic issue that affects the pancreas and is 70% related to pancreatic destruction, Dr. Block says. That means that, according to Dr. Block, 70% of the causes of type 2 diabetes are out of the patients control. Its important to focus on what you can control, like healthy lifestyle choices, he says.
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How Is Type 1 Diabetes And Type 2 Diabetes Diagnosed
Despite very distinct symptoms, both types of diabetes can be mistaken for lingering flu symptoms or other ordinary illness that doesnt require treatment. Its crucial that anyone displaying signs of diabetes have their blood sugar levels tested and urine tested for ketones.
According to the American Diabetes Association, the following blood sugar and A1c results are used to diagnose prediabetes and type 2 diabetes.
Should Diabetics Drink Coffee Or Tea
They found that people who increased their coffee intake by over one cup per day had an 11 percent lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes. However, people who reduced their coffee intake by one cup per day increased their risk of developing diabetes by 17 percent. There was no difference in those drinking tea.
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What Is The Cause Of Dm
Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar. The hormone insulin moves sugar from the blood into your cells to be stored or used for energy. With diabetes, your body either doesnt make enough insulin or cant effectively use the insulin it does make.
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Does Type 1 Or Type 2 Diabetes Need Insulin
People with Type 1 diabetes are considered to have insulin-dependent diabetes as they will always require insulin to manage their blood sugar levels. Some people with Type 2 diabetes are dependent on insulin, but others manage it by following a healthy lifestyle and using medication without insulin.
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Does Nick Jonas Still Have Diabetes
He was losing weight, acting moody, and feeling thirsty all the time. A blood test showed that he had diabetes and he spent several days in the hospital. Though he is healthy and feeling great now, back then he worried he might die. I had an emotional breakdown since I really had no idea what diabetes was all about.