How Long Does Insulin Last After Injection
The duration of insulin effects depends on the type of insulin used. There are five types of insulin:
- Rapid-acting insulin: Onset is within 15 minutes and duration of effects last up to five hours.
- Short-acting insulin: Onset is in 30-60 minutes and duration of effects last up to 10 hours.
- Intermediate-acting insulin: Onset of two to four hours with duration of effects lasting 12-18 hours.
- Long-acting insulin: Onset of three to four hours with duration of effects lasting over 24 hours.
- Combination insulin: Mixture of rapid-acting and long-acting insulins, which has quick onset and long-lasting effect.
A protein obtained from fish, known as neutral protamine Hagedorn , is added to insulin to slow down its absorption and make the effects last longer. NPH also makes the insulin solution appear cloudy to the eye.
The long-lasting insulins are known as basal insulins and provide a constant, steady supply to bring down high resting blood sugar levels. Short-acting insulins are known as bolus insulins. They act fast to bring down blood sugar spikes that come with meals.
Can You Still Use Insulin After The Expiration Date
Using expired insulin is absolutely not recommended and should only be done if you have no other option.
The effectiveness of insulin degrades over time and its impossible to predict how well expired insulin will work or if it will even work at all!
Insulin is a bit unusual in that it had two expiration dates one is the expiration date if insulin is unopened and stored at the proper temperature. The second expiration date is the date the manufacturer suggests insulin is good for after opening and when kept at room temperature.
Be sure to check both dates so you know if your insulin is still safe to use.
Things That Damage Insulin
There are two things that insulin should be protected from at all times extreme heat and extreme cold. Both ends of the spectrum will damage insulin. All insulin manufacturers and the FDA warn that if insulin is frozen, it should be discarded and replaced. Simply thawing it out wont fix the problem.
The other end of the spectrum is extreme heat. According to ConsumerSafety.org, unopened insulin should be stored in the refrigerator, between 36-46 degrees Fahrenheit. Once opened, insulin vials should be kept in the refrigerator or at controlled room temperature and used within 1428 days . Opened insulin pens should not be stored in the refrigerator, but should instead be stored at controlled room temperature and used within 728 days .
If insulin is exposed to extreme heat, it should be thrown out.
Read Also: Identify The Six Body Systems That Interact With Diabetes
How Long Does Unopened Insulin Last In The Fridge
. Simply so, how long can you store unopened insulin?
Store newly purchased, unopened bottles of insulin in the refrigerator in their original carton to keep them clean and protected from light. When you‘re ready to use a bottle of insulin, you can remove it from the fridge and generally keep it at room temperature for up to one month.
Subsequently, question is, cAN expired insulin make you sick? Using insulin past the manufacturer’s expiration date can cause your blood glucose to be higher than expected if you stick to the same dosing you‘ve been using all along. If your blood sugar is extremely high, you may even feel nauseous and faint.
In this way, is it OK to use expired insulin?
When insulin has expired, it is not safe to inject. Check expiration dates. If the insulin has expired, don’t use it. Once you have begun using insulin , the insulin can remain at room temperature for the number of days you will be using it.
Can insulin lose its effectiveness?
For example, at room temperature , insulin will lose< 1.0% of its potency over 30 days, or < 0.03% potency lost per day. In contrast, insulin stored in a refrigerator will lose< 0.1% of its potency over 30 days .
Traditional Insulins Are Cheaper Than Modern Insulins
Average retail prices of Novolin and Humulin have gone down, or held steady, while prices of modern rapid- and long-acting insulins continue to go up. On average, traditional insulins now cost less than half of what modern insulins cost.
Why? Traditional insulins have historically been cheaper than their newer competitors. Modern insulins offer better blood sugar control but are synthetic analogs of traditional insulins, which makes them more difficult to produce.
Additionally, when patents on Humulin and Novolin expired around 2000, manufacturers Eli Lilly and Novo Nordisk had to test new pricing strategies to remain competitive.
In 2017, for example, Novo Nordisk partnered with CVS to offer Novolin at roughly 80% less than its list price. Both Novo Nordisk and Eli Lilly have also worked with Walmart to heavily discount Novolin and Humulin under Walmarts ReliOn line of insulin products.
Retail partnerships havent been their only strategy. Eli Lilly had been increasing prices for Humulin every 6 months until May 2017, when they decided to stop anymore increases. In fact, prices of traditional Humulin and Novolin insulins, their rapid-acting analogs , and their mixed products have not gone up since then.
and are currently the cheapest traditional insulins, with average unit prices of around $0.10.
Recommended Reading: How Many Points Does Metformin Lower Blood Sugar
Do I Need A Doctors Note To Fly With Insulin
Its not a mandatory item. But it makes life easier. When storing your medication in your hand luggage you might get questions from the airport security why you are traveling with insulin vials or insulin pens and needles. Instead of explaining you can show the note from your doctor.
When I traveled to Australia I had to transit to Thailand. Airport security checked my bags and requested an explanation why I was traveling with that many vials, needles, insulin pens, and insulin pump material. I showed my doctors note, gave them some info about my condition, type 1 diabetes, and that I need these medications to survive. They understood and let me continue on my travels. When I embarked on the plane I talked to the cabin crew, and they put my insulin in a cooler box with ice packs.
Recommended Reading: Is Gluten Free Good For Diabetics
General Guidelines Of Insulin Storage And Handling
In general, insulin formulations should be inspected for physical changes, such as clumping, frosting, precipitation, or discoloration, that may be accompanied by a loss of potency. Insulin formulations should be optimally stored at refrigerated temperatures before use . Insulin formulations should never be allowed to freeze.
Extreme temperatures or excess agitation should be avoided during storage to prevent loss of potency of the formulation. Regardless of the temperatures experienced during storage, insulin formulations should never be used after the expiration date printed on the label and carton.
When a formulation is in use, insulin should be kept unrefrigerated to minimize local injection site irritation, which may occur after injection of cold insulin solutions . Unrefrigerated insulin formulations that are in use should be kept as cool as possible and away from excess heat or sunlight .
Also Check: Type 2 Diabetes Hereditary
We All Know That Unopened Insulin Must Be Kept In The Refrigerator But Once In Use It Cant Go Back The Story Of Origin And Quiet Disappearance Of A Confusing Guideline
All manufacturers explicitly recommend to Not refrigerate insulin pens in use. Why? It was kept in the fridge before, how can it hurt the insulin now that its open? Lets imagine it was a hot summer day. Is it worse to put my insulin pen in the fridge or expose it to heat? What is even more confusing, the guidelines start changing now! Lets take a step back and look at the basics:
Does Levemir Need To Be Refrigerated
Likewise, people ask, does Insulin go bad if not refrigerated?
Insulin that is not in use should be stored in the refrigerator. If refrigeration is not possible, it can be kept at room temperature for 28 days. In use cartridges should be kept at room temperature and SHOULD NOT be kept in the refrigerator. Insulin has a use by date as well as an expiry date.
Additionally, can you inject Levemir cold? Do not inject cold insulin because this can be painful. The insulin container you are currently using can be kept at room temperature . Do not shake the container. Inject this medication under the skin as directed by your doctor, usually once or twice daily.
Likewise, people ask, when should you hold Levemir?
When Levemir is taken once daily, inject the insulin with the evening meal or at bedtime. When taken twice daily, the evening dose should be taken with the evening meal, at bedtime, or 12 hours following the morning dose. 2. Prepare your insulin.
Where is the best place to inject Levemir?
Levemir® can be injected in the thigh, abdomen, or upper arm. Its important to change the injection site within your injection area each time you inject and not inject into the exact same spot each time.
Don’t Miss: Whole Wheat Mac And Cheese For Diabetics
How Long Does Intermediate Acting Insulin Last
A Guide on Insulin Types for People with Diabetes Type Brand Name Onset Peak Duration Rapid-acting Humalog Novolog Apidra 10 30 minutes 30 minutes 3 hours 3 5 hours Short-acting Regular 30 minutes 1 hour 2 5 hours Up to 12 hours Intermediate- acting NPH 1.5 4 hours 4 12 hours Up to 24 hoursIntermediate-acting, the long-acting insulin from the night before, The common side effect is lowInsulin should never be frozen,c, Its peak is 610 hours and its duration is about 1016 hours,taking Regular insulin Intermediate-acting insulin NPH 1 to 2 hours 4 to 8 hours 10 to 20 hours Take the NPH even if BG is well controlled Take at the same times daily Eat 4 hours after taking AM NPH insulin, with or after food, glargine or detemir).History, 50/50 c Humalog: Mix 25, such as regular insulin, peaks 4 to 12 hours later, May need an HS snack if the blood glucose is low at bedtime, which means it can cover insulin needs for meals eaten within 30 minutes, It peaks within two to four hours, starts working in 1 to 3 hours and lasts 16 to 24 hours, It has an intermediate duration of action, This is a 10 percent change, look at the long-acting insulin dose column at bedtime, Combination insulins that are usually administered 30 minutes before a meal and contain: A short-acting insulin An intermediate-acting insulin.Neutral Protamine Hagedorn insulin, and shorter than long acting insulins (ultralente
How Long Does Cat Insulin Last
A bottle of cat insulin should last for 6 to 8 weeks or even longer if you follow the following instructions:
- Insulin should always be kept refrigerated.
- Do not clean the syringe with water before taking insulin out of the bottle.
- Do not shake it before taking insulin out with syringe.
- Dont touch the rubber stopper with your fingers.
Insulin is a sterile suspension. So it needs special care to stay effective. If you want to keep the insulin to its 100% effective, you need to take a couple of measures. If you are not careful, then you might end up damaging the insulin.
For example, you need to be careful not to touch the rubber stopper with your finger, and you cant clean the syringes with water in any way.
When you want to use the insulin for your cat, you need to mix it correctly. When mixing the insulin, do not shake the insulin. It is very sensitive, and it will get damaged if you shake it too harshly.And if you notice that its changing its color, then you need a new bottle. So if you can maintain the regulations, then a bottle should last for 6 to 8 weeks and more.
Don’t Miss: Does Metformin Raise Your Blood Pressure
How Long Does Insulin Last
How Long Does Insulin Last. Insulin is basically in charge of maintaining proper blood sugar levels. Insulin is manufactured in the pancreas.
What could be more normal than that? Some drugs can intensify low blood sugars caused by insulin. This kind of insulin works for the entire day. Insulin is easily broken down by extreme temperatures, which means you need to be careful if you live in a part of the u.s. Because insulin is so expensive, some people take less than their prescribed dose, causing higher blood sugars, which may i try not to do that for patients with type 1 diabetes, because these older insulins cause more dangerous low blood sugars.
More About Natural Insulin Release
Insulin is continuously released from the pancreas into the blood stream. Although the insulin is quickly destroyed the effect on cells may last 1-1/2 hours. When your body needs more insulin, the blood levels quickly rise, and, the converse when you need less, the blood levels rapidly fall The situation is different when you have diabetes and are getting insulin replacement therapy. Once you have injected a dose of insulin, it is going to get absorbed into your bloodstream whether you need it or not.
At mealtime, a little insulin is released even as you are first smelling or chewing the food. This gets your body ready to receive the sugar load from the meal. Then as you eat and the food is digested, the sugar levels rise which causes a surge of insulin. The insulin levels rapidly climb and peak in about 45 minutes to 1 hour before falling back to the background or basal levels The situation is different when you have diabetes and are getting insulin replacement therapy. You have to calculate how much carbohydrate you are going to eat and how much insulin you will need. And you have to try to mimic natural overnight, fasting and mealtime insulin release with injected insulin.
See the picture below illustrating overnight, fasting and between meals insulin, and the large spikes of insulin that accompany meals.
Don’t Miss: Maximum Dose Metformin
Technology In Insulin Delivery
For many years after the discovery of insulin, a vial and syringe were the only delivery options available. Today, insulin pens, either disposable with prefilled insulin cartridges or reusable with replaceable cartridges, are widely used for injection insulin therapy. Insulin pens offer benefits to patients, including more accurate dosing, ease of use, more social acceptability, and less time to prepare and administer injections .
However, despite vast improvements in the chemistry of insulin molecules to facilitate physiological insulin replacement, exogenous insulin therapy still requires dose calculations and glucose monitoring. To facilitate this process, connected pens are being developed that link to smartphone-based diabetes management apps . Such connected devices are not only able to record the time and amount of insulin delivered, but the apps can be connected to blood glucose and continuous glucose monitoring devices and help provide not only comprehensive diabetes management data but in some cases also insulin dose recommendations. To mimic physiological insulin delivery even better, the FDA has approved 2 hybrid closed loop systems, which allow for automated adjustment to the basal insulin infusion rates and also automated bolus corrections based on CGM readings .
How Long Does Nph Insulin Last
1 to 2 hours4 to 6 hours12 hours
. Also to know is, when should NPH insulin be given?
The total daily dose is given as 1 to 2 injections per day, given 30 to 60 minutes before a meal or bedtime. Some patients may initially be given a single daily dose 30 to 60 minutes before breakfast, but 24-hour blood glucose control may not be possible with this regimen.
Also Know, is NPH insulin Long acting? NPH insulin has a longer duration of action than the rapid-acting insulins and the short-acting insulins . NPH insulin usually has an onset about 1 to 3 hours after injection, peaks 4 to 12 hours later, and is effective for about 12 to 16 hours.
Similarly, it is asked, what kind of insulin is NPH?
NPH insulin. NPH insulin, also known as isophane insulin, is an intermediateacting insulin given to help control blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. It is used by injection under the skin once to twice a day. Onset of effects is typically in 90 minutes and they last for 24 hours.
How do you store NPH insulin?
Read Also: Glucagon Stimulus
How Long Does Nph Insulin Take To Peak
NPH insulin generally acts within 1 to 3 hours and has a peak time of about 6 to 8 hours.
Peak time is the period when a medication has its strongest effect. It varies based on the type and brand of insulin you use. Its essential to know the peak time of your insulin so that you can predict how much and when you should eat to keep your blood sugar constant.
NPH insulin can last for up to 12 hours and is typically injected once or twice per day. It can last longer than 12 hours in people with certain medical conditions like kidney failure.
When you inject NPH insulin into the subcutaneous layer of your skin, the insulin spreads through your fat tissue and connective tissue until it reaches small blood vessels called capillaries. Various factors can affect how long it takes for the insulin to reach your bloodstream and start acting. These include:
- injection depth
- thickness of your fat tissue
- temperature of your fat tissue
- your level of activity and exercise
- the part of your body injected
- whether youre a smoker
- body position during the injection
- impaired concentration and reaction time
People with kidney or liver conditions are at a higher risk of developing severe low blood sugar. Its important to talk with your doctor if you develop side effects so that your doctor can help you adjust your insulin dose.
Before taking NPH insulin, its important to talk with your doctor about the pros and cons of this type of insulin and to get clear instructions on: