Differences In Patients With Type 1 Vs Type 2
In the American Diabetes Associations 2010 report, Blood Pressure Management in Patients with Diabetes, it is emphasized that hypertension is different in type 1 vs. type 2 patients.
Individuals with type 1 diabetes usually develop hypertension because of diabetic nephropathy , explains the report, with 30 percent eventually being affected.
In contrast, patients with type 2 diabetes often present with hypertension either upon diagnosis of their diabetes or well before their blood sugar levels were even high in the first place. And hypertension is found in 50 to 80 percent of patients with type 2.
Where type 1 and type 2 diabetes overlap in relation to high blood pressure, however, is how it drastically increases a patients risk for heart disease or cardiovascular disease.
With uncontrolled hypertension, there is a consistent relationship between elevated systolic BP and increased risk for micro- and macrovascular diseases, explains the report.
More than 65 percent of the deaths in patients with diabetes are directly related to cardiovascular disease.
And for those not yet diagnosed with diabetes, its estimated that non-diabetic patients with high blood pressure were 2.5 times as likely to eventually develop type 2 diabetes compared to patients with normal blood pressure.
Blood Pressure Readings: Systolic And Diastolic Blood Pressure
Systolic and diastolic are two measurements taken into account when a blood pressure reading is acquired. Patients will typically hear results as a number âoverâ another. For example, a blood pressure reading of 130/85 would be verbally expressed as â130 over 85.â The larger number represents systolic blood pressure, the force of blood as it is exerted from the heart. The smaller number, or diastolic blood pressure, signifies the amount of pressure placed upon the vessels between heartbeats.
The following highlights four categories related to blood pressure:
1. Normal blood pressure:
Is There A Treatment Available
As high blood pressure can lead to a number of problems in a diabetic patient and can make the treatment of diabetes extremely complicated and even impossible, it is imperative to take important measures that can lead to the prevention of the same.
A proper diet, exercise, and expert advice will help all those who suffer from the problem of high blood pressure as a result of suffering from diabetes.
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What Foot Problems Can Happen
Someone who has had diabetes for many years can develop foot problems because of poor blood flow in the feet and nerve damage.
Your doctor will check your feet for any signs of problems. Tell your doctor about any foot problems, such as ingrown toenails, calluses, and dry skin. Even if your feet just feel irritated because you’ve been wearing certain shoes or because you’ve had a minor sports injury, tell your doctor.
To prevent foot problems, wear comfortable shoes that fit well and keep your toenails trimmed to the shape of the toe. Exercise, which increases blood flow to the feet, can also help keep feet healthy.
Can High Sugar Cause High Blood Pressure
How Long Can You Live With Type 1 Diabetes, What Is The Normal Blood Sugar Level, Can High Sugar Cause High Blood Pressure, Lower Blood Sugar.
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How Can I Treat And Manage Hyperglycemia
People with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can manage hyperglycemia by eating healthy, being active, and managing stress. In addition, insulin is a critical part of managing hyperglycemia for people with type 1 diabetes, while people with type 2 diabetes may need oral medications and eventually insulin to help them manage hyperglycemia.
If you dont have diabetes and have any of the signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia, call your healthcare provider. Together you can work to manage your hyperglycemia.
Low Blood Sugar Can Increase Blood Pressure
Our body gets its energy to function properly from glucose, which is found in the carbohydrates we take in from the foods we eat. Insulin is responsible for pulling glucose from the bloodstream into cells, where it’s used for energy.
When our blood sugar levels are low, our body tries to keep essential organs working by causing various changes, including an increase in heart rate and peripheral systolic blood pressure . It also lowers central blood pressure .
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What Is The Meaning Of Hypertension Or High Blood Pressure
Let us first begin by understanding the meaning of hypertension or high blood pressure.
Hypertension or high blood pressure refers to a condition in which the flow of blood from the blood vessels and the heart occur with an abnormally high force. Over the period of time, the patient develops a host of complications and cardiovascular diseases.
Diabetes And Your Heart
You can lower your risk for heart disease with lifestyle changes.
Diabetes and heart disease often go hand in hand. Learn how to protect your heart with simple lifestyle changes that can also help you manage diabetes.
Heart disease is very common and serious. Its the leading cause of death for both men and women in the United States. If you have diabetes, youre twice as likely to have heart disease or a stroke than someone who doesnt have diabetesand at a younger age. The longer you have diabetes, the more likely you are to have heart disease.
But the good news is that you can lower your risk for heart disease and improve your heart health by changing certain lifestyle habits. Those changes will help you manage diabetes better too.
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Target Blood Pressure Levels
The first number in a blood pressure reading is known as the systolic reading, which is the pressure of your blood when your heart beats.
The second number is the diastolic reading, which is the blood pressure between heart beats.
The blood pressure targets set by NICE are slightly different depending on your type of diabetes.
- Type 1 diabetes : Below 135/85 mmHg
If you have diabetic nephropathy or two signs of metabolic syndromen, the target is 130/80 mmHg
- Type 2 diabetes: Below 140/80 mmHg
If you have nephropathy, retinopathy or have cerebrovascular disease the target is 130/80 mmHg
The NHS regards an ideal blood pressure reading as being below 120/80mmHg
The target is to get your blood pressure below both of these numbers.
How To Identify Diabetes Or High Blood Pressure
Each of these two diseases is easy to identify using simple tests.
To identify diabetes, people use blood glucose tests and a1c testing.
High blood pressure
For high blood pressure, most of the times people are not aware that they have it, and they usually find out that they have high blood pressure after a random blood pressure reading provided by the doctor.
If you experience high blood pressure, it means that your heart pumping blood in higher pressure, so blood vessels are in too much force which over time tires heart muscle.
Very often, people with high blood pressure will not have any signs or symptoms.
Tip: Here are the symptoms of prediabetes and diabetes in women, men and children.
A device known as sphygmomanometer is used to measure blood pressure. It can be done by a health provider, doctor, or at home.
Blood pressure is recorded as systolic, maximum pressure during a heartbeat and diastolic, lowest pressure between heartbeats.
Medical guidelines show that normal blood pressure is less than 120/80mm Hg, and you have hypertension if blood pressure is higher than 130/80.
Tip: Here are all types and stages of hypertension.
Just one high-pressure reading does not mean that you have hypertension since high blood pressure is connected to your age, emotions, medication you are taking and heart conditions.
Early detection of diabetes can prevent limb amputation, stroke, kidney failure, vision loss, heart disease or stroke.
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How Diabetes Affects Your Heart
Over time, high blood sugar can damage blood vessels and the nerves that control your heart. People with diabetes are also more likely to have other conditions that raise the risk for heart disease:
- High blood pressure increases the force of blood through your arteries and can damage artery walls. Having both high blood pressure and diabetes can greatly increase your risk for heart disease.
- Too much LDL cholesterol in your bloodstream can form plaque on damaged artery walls.
- High triglycerides and low HDL cholesterol or high LDL cholesterol is thought to contribute to hardening of the arteries.
None of these conditions has symptoms. Your doctor can check your blood pressure and do a simple blood test to see if your LDL, HDL, and triglyceride levels are high.
These factors can also raise your risk for heart disease:
- Being overweight or having obesity
- Not getting enough physical activity
- Eating a diet high in saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, and sodium
- Drinking too much alcohol
People with diabetes are also more likely to have heart failure. Heart failure is a serious condition, but it doesnt mean the heart has stopped beating it means your heart cant pump blood well. This can lead to swelling in your legs and fluid building up in your lungs, making it hard to breathe. Heart failure tends to get worse over time, but early diagnosis and treatment can help relieve symptoms and stop or delay the condition getting worse.
What Is The Blood Pressure For Diabetic Andnondiabetic
A blood pressure reading will show figures that indicate two different types of blood pressure: systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
Systolic: This is the number at the top. That is to sayIt is the maximal pressure exerted by the heart when it beats.
Diastolic: This number is found at the bottom of the page. Between heartbeats, it shows the amount of pressure in the arteries.
The following are the parameters used to characterize blood pressure readings:
- Normal: Systolic pressure is less than 120, and diastolic pressure is less than 80.
- Elevated: Systolic pressure is 120129 and diastolic pressure is less than 80.
- Stage 1 hypertension: systolic pressure is 130139 or diastolic pressure is 8089.
- Stage 2 hypertension: systolic blood pressure is 140 or higher, and diastolic blood pressure is 90 or higher.
- Hypertensive crisis: systolic pressure is greater than 180 and diastolic pressure is greater than 120.
If you have diabetes, your blood pressure should be less than 140/80mmHg, and if you have kidney or eye illness, or any condition that affects blood vessels and blood circulation to the brain, it should be less than 130/80mmHg. However, its critical to discuss your specific goals with your healthcare team.
Likewise while high blood pressure may not cause any symptoms, it can be hazardous to your health if left untreated. The increased strain on your heart, eyes, kidneys, and other organs cause this.
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Does Gestational Diabetes Cause High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure /hypertension in diabetes is pretty common. In pregnancy, the presence of hypertension should be concerned as well. If left untreated, this can be potential to cause a condition called preeclampsia or even eclampsia . So, does GD cause high blood pressure?
Blood pressure what actually is it?
To pump blood around the body, your heart needs an appropriate pressure. Blood pressure itself can be defined as the pressure of blood against the walls of blood vessels as your heart pump the blood around the body.
When your heart is beating , it pumps the blood through blood vessels and this increases the blood pressure. This mechanism is known as systolic pressure. After beating, your heart then relaxes and your blood pressure decreases this is called as diastolic pressure. For in-depth information about how your blood pressure increases, visit this section!
If you check your blood pressure by a blood pressure monitor , you will get two different numbers of the test result. The higher number points to your systolic pressure, and the lower number points to your diastolic pressure. For instance, if your test result shows 120 /70 mm Hg 120 mm Hg is your systolic pressure and 70 mm Hg is diastolic pressure.
Over time, this can put you at high risk of developing some consequences such as nerve damage, kidney disease, cardiovascular diseases, stroke, and even eye disease.
The link between gestational diabetes and high blood pressure!
How Long Is Medication Needed For
In most cases, medication is needed for life. However, in some people whose blood pressure has been well controlled for a period of time, medication may be able to be stopped. In particular, in people who have made significant changes to their lifestyle . Your doctor will be able to advise you if you can reduce any of your medication.
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Can Low Blood Sugar Cause High Blood Pressure
Dr. Danielle Weiss is the founder of the Center for Hormonal Health and Well-Being, a personalized, proactive, patient-centered medical practice with a unique focus on integrative endocrinology. She enjoys giving lectures and writing articles for both the lay public and medical audiences.
Low blood sugar, also known as hypoglycemia, is defined as blood sugar levels of 70 milligrams per deciliter or lower. Symptoms of low blood sugar can include tiredness, sweating, and tingling lips. High blood pressure, also called hypertension, can also be a sign of low blood sugar.
Low blood sugar is especially common in people with type 1 diabetes, in which the pancreas creates little or no insulin. However, it can also occur in people with type 2 diabetes who take insulin or certain medications.
Foods To Avoid With Diabetes
- Avoid white bread. Choose brown bread or whole grain breads instead.
- Avoid fried foods like potato chips and fries.
- Avoid or limit the intake of bakery products like cakes, muffins and pastries.
- Avoid using mayonnaise. You can opt for mustard instead.
- Avoid full fat milk. Choose fat-free or low fat milk.
- If you are eating salads, avoid the use of salad dressings. Opt for slight seasoning.
- Avoid fruit juices, especially canned one. Eat a fresh, whole fruit instead.
- If you eat meat, opt for skinless chicken.
- Avoid fish oils as they have found to impair glucose control in diabetics.
- Avoid frying the food. You can roast, boil, grill or stir-fry the food instead.
- Avoid nuts and peanut butter as they have high fat content.
- Limit the intake of alcohol. You can ask your doctor how much alcohol can be permitted.
- Avoid sweetened drinks like cola. Diabetics can choose buttermilk as a healthier option.
Management of patients with diabetes and hypertension becomes a major challenge. Diet plays an important role both in controlling the disease and preventing complications.
The motive of avoiding food with diabetes and high blood pressure is not to completely stop having food. You can discuss with your doctor about how much of these foods can be permitted. Guidelines for dietary changes will be slightly different in pregnant women having Gestational Diabetes Mellitus .
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Overlapping Characteristics Of Diabetes And High Blood Pressure
A 2012 study in China focused its research on how obesity, inflammation, oxidative stress, and insulin resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes may influence blood pressure levels.
The study suggests that both conditions diabetes and hypertension result from the onset of low-grade inflammation and that both should be considered as chronic inflammatory diseases.
It is now realized that insulin resistance, which predicts type 2 diabetes, also has a role in the development of hypertension, explains the study. Indeed, hypertension and diabetes substantially share common pathways such as obesity, inflammation, oxidative stress, insulin resistance, and mental stress.
In reality, diabetes and hypertension are found in the same individual more often than would occur by chance, adds the study. The researchers concluded that both conditions are often the result of genetic or environmental factors: diet, weight, tobacco use, stress, and activity level.
Exercise can play a major role in the development and treatment of both conditions.
In the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study, subjects with a change in moderate-to-vigorous leisure-time physical activity were 49% to 65% less likely to develop diabetes, explains the report.
Then, in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study with over 15 years of follow-up, patients engaging in regular exercise saw a 17 percent reduction in their risk of high blood pressure.
Ayurvedic Medicine For High Blood Pressure And Diabetes
Ayurvedic medicine for high blood pressure and diabetes
When it comes to controlling ones health, Ayurvedic medicines are considered the best. Herbs utilized in Ayurvedic medicine, such as turmeric, ginger, and neem, arebelieved to be effective in maintaining heart health as well as act as antioxidant boosters.
Here are some natural ingredients that can be taken as Ayurvedic medicines:
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