How Much Fruits Can I Eat If I Have Diabetes
Recommended intake of fruits for adults is 2-3 servings daily. It is important to be sure that your fruits intake is counted as part of your carbohydrate sources and it is within your carbohydrate budget. One serving of fruit should contain about 15g of carbohydrates and the table below shows the examples of the one serving:-
Fresh Fruit Is Healthy And Safe For Diabetics
Diabetics should be conscious of their fruit intake, but overall, fruit is still a healthy and important part of any diet for managing diabetes.
“There is a myth that fruit is sugar and shouldn’t be eaten if you are diabetic, but that isn’t quite true,” says Susan Besser, MD, a primary care physician in Maryland. “Yes, it is a carbohydrate and one should eat it in moderation, but it is actually a healthy carbohydrate and metabolized much better than other carbs like cakes, cookies, or candies.”
In fact, research has linked fresh fruit consumption to improved health for diabetics. A study published in the Public Library of Science in 2017 followed half a million Chinese men for seven years, asking about their fruit intake and measuring their blood sugar levels.
The researchers found that higher fresh fruit consumption was associated with a significantly lower risk of developing diabetes. And even for people with existing diabetes, those who ate more fresh fruit had a lower risk of death or developing serious health complications. The study concluded that diabetics should not be told to limit fresh fruit intake.
Moreover, consuming fruit at a young age may even reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes at a later age. For example, a study published in the Journal of Nutrition in 2018 found that lowering saturated fat intake and increasing fruits and vegetables in children ages 8 to 10 years old may improve insulin sensitivity, reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Bananas Contain Carbs Which Raise Blood Sugar
If you have diabetes, being aware of the amount and type of carbs in your diet is important.
This is because carbs raise your blood sugar level more than other nutrients, which means they can greatly affect your blood sugar management.
When blood sugar levels rise in people without diabetes, their bodies produce insulin. This helps move sugar out of the blood and into cells, where its used or stored.
However, this process doesnt work as it should in people with diabetes. Instead, either the body doesnt produce enough insulin or the cells are resistant to the insulin that is made.
Without proper diabetes management, you may experience blood sugar spikes after eating high carb foods or have constantly high blood sugar levels, both of which are unhealthy.
You May Like: Why Is Metformin Bad For You
Can Eating Fruit Help Me Lose Weight
No. Achieving a healthy weight certainly involves eating a healthy diet, including the right fruits. But with type 2 diabetes, the key to weight loss is shifting your whole metabolism.
This means focusing on whole food sources, healthy fats, protein and carbs mainly from non-starchy vegetables. When you can get blood sugar and A1c levels more regulated, metabolism improves and weight loss occurs naturally as a result.
What Is Medical Nutrition Therapy
Medical nutrition therapy is a service provided by an RD to create personal eating plans based on your needs and likes. For people with diabetes, medical nutrition therapy has been shown to improve diabetes management. Medicare pays for medical nutrition therapy for people with diabetes If you have insurance other than Medicare, ask if it covers medical nutrition therapy for diabetes.
Also Check: Metformin And Glipizide Side Effects
Be Careful With Dried Fruits
Drying fruit concentrates all of the yummy fruit flavor into one smaller bite, but it also concentrates many of the sugars. Even a small amount of dried fruit can put you over the edge.
Be careful to read dried fruit labels many of them pack on the added sugars. Some are even sweetened, making the sugar problem worse. If you must have dried fruit, keep the quantities small. Rose recommends dates, figs, and prunes because they are lower on the glycemic index.
What Else Do I Need To Know
- Fruit and vegetables are better eaten raw as some nutrients are lost through cooking. Try steaming, poaching or microwaving rather than boiling in a lot of water if you prefer them cooked and add some spices and herbs if you find vegetables bland.
- Fruit and vegetables have different mix of nutrients, so it is important to have a range of fruits and veg to get more goodness. Challenge yourself to try a different fruit or veg whenever possible.
- Be careful with dried fruits a portion is just a tablespoon but it is easy to overdo it especially if you have the whole bowl in front of you.
- Avoid fruit juices and smoothies. If you have to, limit it to a maximum of 1 small glass a day.
- If you go for tinned fruits, choose one that is tinned in the natural juice rather than syrup always read the label.
You May Like: How Many Points Does Metformin Lower Blood Sugar
Is It Important For People With Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes To Be Careful About How Much Fruit You Eat
Yes. For all people, and for all people with diabetes, fruit can affect your blood sugar level. That doesnt mean that you shouldnt eat fruit at all fruit still includes important nutrients that your body needs, some of which can lower your risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and other chronic conditions.
Food Types A Diabetic Diet Should Exclude
Food type which is rich in carbohydrates should be avoided completely, that means a diabetic cannot have sugar grains which contain starch, that means rice needs to be avoided protein-rich food like deep-fried fish and red beef are not diabetes-friendly food habits, hence they are needed to be avoided. Basically, sucrose, glucose, fructose, dextrose are needed to exclude.
You May Like: What Happens If A Diabetic Eats Too Much Sugar
Apples Only Moderately Affect Blood Sugar Levels
Apples do contain sugar, but much of the sugar found in apples is fructose.
When fructose is consumed in a whole fruit, it has very little effect on blood sugar levels .
Also, the fiber in apples slows down the digestion and absorption of sugar. This means sugar enters the bloodstream slowly and doesnt rapidly raise blood sugar levels .
Moreover, polyphenols, which are plant compounds found in apples, also may slow down the digestion of carbs and lower blood sugar levels .
Apples have a minimal effect on blood sugar levels and are unlikely to cause rapid spikes in blood sugar, even in those with diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder in which your pancreas doesnt produce enough insulin, the hormone that transports sugar from your blood to your cells. Insulin must be taken daily.
If you have type 2 diabetes, your body commonly doesnt produce enough insulin to meet your daily needs, in addition to cellular resistance to the insulin thats produced .
Eating apples on a regular basis has the potential to reduce insulin resistance, which should lead to lower blood sugar levels (
Which Fruit Is Best For People With Diabetes
Despite what people often think, all fruit is good for people with diabetes. If fact, dietitians and diabetes educators recommend eating fresh fruit!
Even though fruit is a natural source of sugar, its also packed with fibera type of carbohydrate that helps keep blood sugar steady. Plus, fruit is nutritionally dense, meaning its loaded with important vitamins and minerals such as magnesium, potassium and vitamin C. The extra dose of these nutrients is likely one of the reasons people who regularly eat fruit have extra protection against heart disease, high blood pressure and cancer.
1 cup blueberries: 84 calories, 21 g carbohydrates
High in water and low in carbohydrates, blueberries are definitely a diabetes-friendly pick. Blueberries get their deep blue-purple color from anthocyanins, potent antioxidants that may help prevent heart disease. Just keep the 1-cup serving in mind when you try fresh blueberries in this spinach blueberry salad or blend frozen ones into a berry smoothie. When theyre out of season, choose frozen varietiesjust double-check the ingredient list to make sure theres no added sugar. By the way, these are the best meats for diabetics.
1 small banana: 90 calories, 23 g carbohydrates,
1/3 medium avocado: 73 calories, 12g carbohydrates
1 cup raspberries: 64 calories, 15g carbohydrates
1 cup strawberries: 64 calories, 15g carbohydrates
Read Also: What Is A Normal A1c Level Non Diabetic
What Are The Best Choices
The best choices of fruit are any that are fresh, frozen or canned without added sugars.
- If choosing canned fruit, look for words like “packed in its own juices,” “unsweetened” or “no added sugar.”
- Dried fruit and 100% fruit juice are also nutritious choices, but the portion sizes are small so they may not be as filling as other choices.
Choose Fruits With A Lower Glycemic Index
The American Diabetes Association suggests that you choose fruits that have a low glycemic index. The glycemic index, or GI, is used as a reference to measure how a carbohydrate-containing food raises blood glucose.
Foods are rated based on how they raise blood sugars in comparison to a reference food such as sugar or white bread. A food with a high GI will raise blood glucose more than that of a food with a medium or low GI.
Most fruits have a low to moderate GI, with the exception of pineapple and watermelon. That doesn’t mean you can never eat pineapple and watermelon, but if you notice that your blood sugar spikes after eating either, it’s best to avoid them in the future. It’s also important to note that the GI of a food is different when eaten alone than it is when combined with other foods. For example, if you are eating a high GI fruit, such as watermelon, pairing it with a low GI index food, such as low-fat cheese can help to balance out the effect on blood sugar levels. Here are some examples of low, moderate, and high GI fruits:
- Low GI fruits : apples, pears, mango, blueberries, strawberries, kiwi, grapefruit, pear, nectarine, orange
- Moderate GI fruits : cherries, mango, papaya, grapes
- High GI fruits : watermelon, pineapple
Note this information, while also keeping in mind that everyone has their own trigger foods which will spike blood sugars more than others. Additionally, the riper a fruit is, the more it affects your blood sugar.
You May Like: What Colors Represent Diabetes
Do Apples Affect Diabetes And Blood Sugar Levels
Apples are delicious, nutritious, and convenient to eat. Theyre known to have several health benefits. Yet apples also contain carbs, which can affect blood sugar levels.
However, the carbs found in apples affect your body differently than the sugars found in foods containing refined and processed sugars.
Lets talk about how apples affect blood sugar levels and how to incorporate them into your diet if you have diabetes.
Apples are one of the most popular fruits in the world. Theyre also highly nutritious. In fact, apples are high in:
- vitamin C
- several antioxidants
). So washing and keeping the skin on when eating or cooking is the best way to optimize the nutrition youre getting.
Furthermore, apples contain large amounts of water and fiber, which make them surprisingly filling.
Apples are a good source of fiber, vitamin C, and antioxidants. They also help you feel full without consuming a lot of calories.
Spinach Is A Nutritious Salad Base Or Omelet Ingredient
Popeye had the right idea when he bulked up on green, leafy spinach.
One cup of raw spinach has only 1 gram of carbohydrates, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture . The vegetable is a wise addition to a diabetes-friendly diet because its loaded with antioxidants such as vitamin A .
Either use fresh leaves, such as in your salad, or opt for canned or frozen versions with no added salt if you are on a salt-restrictive diet, says Rubenstein. She suggests folding spinach into your egg omelet at breakfast. Not only will the omelet contain the aforementioned nutrients, but the eggs provide 6 percent of the DV for vitamin B12, per the USDA.
You May Like: Max Dose Metformin
What About Prediabetes Does Eating Fruit Increase Diabetes Risk
If you eat too much fruit, probably.
If you have prediabetes, you also have metabolic dysregulation and your goal is to lower blood sugar and A1c.
Therefore, like people with type 2 diabetes, keeping a tight check on portion size and choosing appropriate fruit options will help you achieve your goals.
When Should I Eat If I Have Diabetes
Some people with diabetes need to eat at about the same time each day. Others can be more flexible with the timing of their meals. Depending on your diabetes medicines or type of insulin, you may need to eat the same amount of carbohydrates at the same time each day. If you take mealtime insulin, your eating schedule can be more flexible.
If you use certain diabetes medicines or insulin and you skip or delay a meal, your blood glucose level can drop too low. Ask your health care team when you should eat and whether you should eat before and after physical activity.
Juices And Smoothies Can Be Tricky
Many store-bought juices orange, apple, even green juices sneakily add extra sugars, so you’ll want to avoid those, too. Even juices or smoothies you make at home can require a lot of fruit for one glass , so it isn’t always the best option for people with diabetes. If you want to have a smoothie, try adding in mostly vegetables and something like a half of a banana for sweetness.
Which Fruit Should Be Avoided By People With Diabetes
Great news! The idea that some fruits are off-limits to people with diabetes is a myth. All fresh fruits are a healthy option, according to the American Diabetes Association.
What does matter is the form you eat them in. People with diabetes should avoid fruit juice , for example. Juice contains no protein, fiber or fat and thus its considered a concentrated sweet and is known to make blood sugar skyrocket. You also want to avoid dried fruit.
Keep blood sugar more stable by enjoying whole fruit instead.
Don’t Miss: Somatostatin Diabetes
Keep Portions In Check
The American Diabetes Association recommends about 45% of total daily calorie intake come from carbohydrates. If you are following a fixed, consistent carbohydrate meal plan, you need to factor in fruit as a carbohydrate choice. When choosing fruit, try to stick with one fruit serving per meal or snack and limit your fruit servings to no more than about two to three per day.
Keep in mind that one fruit serving is about 15 grams of carbohydrates. How much of each fruit you can eat within that one-serving limit will depend on the type of fruit. Here is a list of what is considered one serving for common whole fruits:
- 1 small-sized apple, orange, peach, pear, or plum
- 1/2 medium banana
- 3/4 cup blueberries
- 1 cup raspberries and blackberries
There are some fruits that you should be more cautious about. For instance, it’s recommended that bananas, cherries, grapes, mango, and pineapple be eaten only in the limited quantities noted, as they can cause a fast spike in blood sugars due to their higher carbohydrate content.
If you are looking to get the most value for the biggest portion, you will want to choose fruits that are very high in fiber, such as berries. For example, you can eat 1 1/4 cup of strawberries for 15 grams carbohydrates.
Sip On Flavored Seltzer Rather Than Fruit Juice
While fiber-rich whole fruits are considered healthy carbohydrates for people with diabetes, fruit juice is another story. People with diabetes should avoid drinking juice, even 100 percent fruit juice, says Kimberlain. Fruit juice contains more vitamins and minerals than soda and other sugary drinks, but the problem is that juices have concentrated amounts of fruit sugar and therefore cause your blood sugar to spike quickly. Plus, sipping fruit juice doesnt fill you up the same way that eating a piece of fruit does, because juice doesn’t have the same fiber that’s found in whole fruit, she adds. If you want a refreshing drink, go for zero-calorie plain or naturally flavored seltzer with a spritz of lemon or lime. Infusing water with cucumber and mint is nice too, suggests Kimberlain.
Recommended Reading: What Is The Max Dose Of Metformin
Avoid Alcohol Or Drink Only In Moderation
Before you indulge in a cocktail or even a glass of wine with dinner, check with your doctor to make sure that its safe for you to drink alcohol, since it can interfere with your blood-sugar levels. If you do drink, keep it in moderation, advises the ADA. Moderation is generally defined as no more than one serving per day if youre a woman, and no more than two if youre a man. A typical serving is measured as 5 ounces of wine, 12 oz of beer, or 1.5 oz of distilled liquor.
Diabetes medication is processed through the liver, and so is alcohol, explains Kimberlain. This double whammy can be too much for your liver. If youre taking insulin, it can cause low blood sugar, especially if youre drinking and not eating.
As for best and worst choices at the bar, Kimberlain recommends mixed drinks like diet soda with rum , or hard liquor with ice or calorie-free mixers. Avoid sweet wines like prosecco and foofy umbrella drinks with lots of sugar.