What Is High Blood Sugar
The is the amount of glucose in the blood. Glucose is a sugar that comes from the foods we eat, and it’s also formed and stored inside the body. It’s the main source of energy for the cells of our body, and it’s carried to each cell through the bloodstream.
Hyperglycemia is the medical word for high blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels happen when the body either can’t make insulin or can’t respond to insulin properly . The body needs insulin so glucose in the blood can enter the cells of the body where it can be used for energy. In people who have developed diabetes, glucose builds up in the blood, resulting in hyperglycemia.
Having too much sugar in the blood for long periods of time can cause serious health problems if it’s not treated. Hyperglycemia can damage the vessels that supply blood to vital organs, which can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke, kidney disease, vision problems, and nerve problems. These problems don’t usually show up in kids or teens who have had the disease for only a few years. But they can happen in adulthood in some people with diabetes, particularly if they haven’t managed or controlled their diabetes well.
Blood sugar levels are considered high when they’re above your target range. Your diabetes health care team will let you know what your target blood sugar levels are.
Symptoms Of Insulin Overdose
Excess insulin in the bloodstream causes cells in your body to absorb too much glucose from your blood. It also causes the liver to release less glucose. These two effects together create dangerously low glucose levels in your blood. This condition is called hypoglycemia.
Your blood needs the right amount of glucose for your body to operate properly. Glucose is the bodys fuel. Without it, your body is like a car running out of gas. The severity of the situation depends on how low the blood sugar level goes. It also depends on the person, because everyone reacts differently.
How Much Insulin Is Too Much Insulin
Following the same idea of another thread about Test, let me ask here: How much insulin do you guys think is too much? Where is the limit?To give a little context let me create this hypothetical scenario:Let’s say that I’ve been monitoring my blood glucose for a while and know exacly how much slin I need to put it within a normal range . I am not adding any more carbs than what’s already in my diet and will consume half of it after my workouts. For the sake of example, let’s say that it’s 300g of carbs, would be ok to take 30ui of insulin after the workout with it? Where is the point of diminsh results? I am curious about what you guys think.WarningBefore someone have any ideas about taking a ton of insulin:Insulin can be fatal, I am only asking this for educational purposes, I am not encouraging anyone to take huge amounts of insulin, it’s not something you should mess with if you don’t know what you are doing, so:1) Buy a glucometer and keep of your blood glucose in check.2) Always start with a low dose and see how your body reacts. 3) Always have some kind of fast digesting carbs nearby in case you start to feel any kind of hypoglycemia symptoms.4) Don’t take insulin before going to bed because you could go hypo in your sleep and it will be bad.5) Fats slow down the absorption of carbs, so, while it’s not a problem in itself, you should be carefull because any extra fat with your carbs can make the same amount that was ok before, make you go hypo.
Recommended Reading: Diabetes Sickness Symptoms
Do I Need To Monitor My Blood Sugar Level
Yes. Monitoring and controlling your blood sugar is key to preventing the complications of diabetes. If you dont already monitor your blood sugar level, you will need to learn how. Checking your blood sugar involves pricking your finger to get a small drop of blood that you put on a test strip. You can read the results yourself or insert the strip into a machine called an electronic glucose meter. The results will tell you whether your blood sugar is in a healthy range. Your doctor will give you additional information about monitoring your blood sugar.
Chronically Elevated Insulin Concentrations Impair Body Functions
Insulin, IGF-1, and hybrid insulin/IGF-1 receptors share signaling via PI3K and AKT. The subsequent activation of the protein kinase mTORC1 is a major pathway for supporting somatic growth, protein synthesis, and fertility, while impeding autophagy and lifespan. Suppression of mTOR signaling by treatment with rapamycin prolongs life in model organisms and mice . In humans, hyperinsulinemia in type 2 diabetes is associated with increased mTORC1 activity which may have a negative impact on beta cell survival, healthspan, and longevity . In the Leiden Longevity Study, follow-up of nonagenarians for 10years showed a strong association of low insulin and glucose levels with healthy aging .
Since both IGF-1 and insulin employ PI3K and AKT for signal transduction, it is difficult to disentangle the contribution of insulin versus IGF-1 to the modulation of longevity. In animal models, selective downregulation of circulating insulin levels improved the lifespan of mice, and in elderly persons of the Leiden Longevity Study, only insulin and glucose, but not IGF-1, consistently met all four pre-defined criteria of healthy aging . Therefore, it may be concluded that low circulating insulin concentrations are not only a marker of longevity but are causally involved in promoting healthspan or lifespan extension.
Read Also: How Long Do Type 1 Diabetics Live
What Are The Signs & Symptoms Of Dka
The symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis usually don’t develop all at once they usually come on slowly over several hours. People who have DKA may:
- feel really tired
- feel really thirsty or pee way more than usual
- have a dry mouth and signs of dehydration
These symptoms are caused by the high blood sugar levels that usually happen before someone develops DKA. If the person doesn’t get treatment, these signs of DKA can happen:
- abdominal pain
Could Your Patient Be On Too Much Insulin
Jay H. Shubrook, DO Sandhya Manivannan, MD
Jay H. Shubrook, DO: Hello. I am Jay Shubrook, DO, professor in the Department of Primary Care at Touro University California College of Osteopathic Medicine in Vallejo, California. Today we are going to be talking about insulin and how you know that you are on too much insulin. Our guest today is Sandhya Manivannan, MD, family medicine diabetologist.
Primary care providers have become pretty comfortable with using basal insulin, and lots of people are taking insulin. How do you know when someone is on too much insulin? What are the signs that I should be looking for as a busy clinician?
Dr Shubrook: I don’t have many patients who come to me and say that they are having hypoglycemic episodes. How do I start that conversation with them?
Dr Manivannan: One thing that can give you a hint is their glycated hemoglobin . You can check their A1c, and if it’s almost too good, meaning 6.5% or under, they might be having undetected serum glucose lows. Although their average A1c may look good, they may have unaccounted for lows and highs. When someone’s A1c may be too good to be true, you can have your patient check their blood sugar at nightset an alarm and check their blood sugar around 3:00 AM or 4:00 AMand see if they are having dips in the night that are going undetected.
Dr Shubrook: You talked about glucose being a way to help identify that. What is the pattern that should alert me that my patient could be dropping low at night?
Read Also: What To Do When Diabetes Is High
Weight Loss Improves Insulin Sensitivity
Scientists arent sure exactly why the cells become less sensitive to insulin. However, being overweight is a major risk factor. Getting your weight down should be your primary focus if you’re overweight or obese. Losing weight will not only increase insulin sensitivity, it will lower your risk for other chronic conditions, like high blood pressure and elevated cholesterol.
You don’t need to lose a ton of weight to improve glucose balance. Losing just 5 percent of your body weight, if you’re obese, significantly improves insulin sensitivity in fat cells, muscle and the liver, reported a study published in Cell Metabolism in February 2016. Thats just 9 pounds if you weigh 180 pounds.
How To Avoid Mistakes
Several things can put too much insulin in your system. It most often happens when you:
Misread the syringes or vials: This is easy to do if youâre unfamiliar with a new product.
Use the wrong type of insulin: Let’s say you usually take 30 units of long-acting and 10 units of short-acting insulin. It’s easy to get them mixed up.
Take insulin, but don’t eat: Rapid-acting and short-acting insulin injections should be taken just before or with meals. Your blood sugar rises after meals. Taking rapid-acting or short-acting insulin without eating could lower your sugar to a dangerous level.
Inject insulin in an arm or leg just before exercise . Physical activity can lower your blood sugar levels and change how your body absorbs insulin. Inject in an area that isnât affected by your exercise.
Recommended Reading: Symptoms Of Diabetes Onset In Adults
What Can Cause An Insulin Overdose
Insulin overdoses can occur for a number of reasons. Some common reasons are listed below:
- Miscalculating the carb content of a meal
- Missing out or delaying a scheduled meal or snack after having injected
- Accidentally injecting twice for the same meal or snack
- Accidentally injecting the dosage number of a different meal
- Accidentally injecting the wrong insulin for example injecting your rapid acting insulin instead of your long acting insulin
- Having difficulty seeing the numbers or gradation on an insulin pen or syringe
How Is Dka Treated
DKA is very serious, but it can be treated if you go to the doctor or hospital right away. To feel better, a person with DKA needs to get insulin and fluids through a tube that goes into a vein in the body .
Let your parents or someone on your diabetes health care team know if you have any of these symptoms or are sick and don’t know what to do to take care of your diabetes.
Always wear a medical identification bracelet or necklace that says you have diabetes. Then, if you are not feeling well, whoever’s helping you will know to call for medical help. Medical identification can also include your doctor’s phone number or a parent’s phone number.
Recommended Reading: How To Keep Blood Sugar From Dropping
Why Do I Need To Take Insulin
All people who have type 1 diabetes and some people who have type 2 diabetes need to take insulin to help control their blood sugar levels. The goal of taking insulin is to keep your blood sugar level in a normal range as much as possible. Keeping blood sugar in check helps you stay healthy. Insulin cant be taken by mouth. It is usually taken by injection . It can also be taken using an insulin pen or an insulin pump.
Ways To Reset Your Metabolism For Optimal Blood Sugar
My goal is to make your metabolism more efficient, to make your cells more intelligent and cooperative, not resistant. In other words, you will need much less insulin to accomplish the task of balancing your blood sugar.
You can achieve this by resetting your metabolism of sugar and insulin. To do this, you have to eliminate the things that are knocking you out of balance and provide your body the things it needs to reestablish optimal balance and thrive.
Here’s what to do:
Just try these suggestions for one week and see how you feel you may be shocked at how quickly your body can recover.
Recommended Reading: Which Pancreatic Cells Release Insulin And Glucagon
Articles On Type 1 Diabetes Complications
Cold sweats, trembling hands, intense anxiety, a general sense of confusion — these are signs of low blood sugar. Your doctor may call it hypoglycemia. It often happens when you take too much insulin.
Hypoglycemia happens to many people with diabetes. It can be serious. Thankfully, most insulin problems can be avoided if you follow a few simple rules.
How To Avoid An Insulin Overdose
There are many steps you can take to avoid an accidental insulin overdose. Most of them revolve around avoiding mistakes when you take your insulin and remembering when you took your insulin and how much you took
- Keep an insulin log. If you log every insulin injection, you are much less likely to mistakenly inject the wrong amount of insulin or inject twice. There are many phone apps that will help you calculate your insulin needs and log your injections. Most insulin pumps and smartpens can also do this automatically.
- Always double-check that you are using the right type of insulin. Accidentally using fast-acting insulin when you were supposed to use long-acting insulin can lead to an insulin overdose.
- Dont forget to eat. If you take fast-acting insulin for a meal, you also need to actually eat the meal. Dont take your insulin until you know the meal is on its way and that you have time to eat it.
Read Also: Highest Dosage Of Metformin
How Much Insulin Should I Take: Correction
If your blood sugar is too high during a period of fasting , you can calculate how much of the blood sugar needs to be lowered.
To figure this out, youll need to know your correction factor, also known as the insulin sensitivity factor.
The correction factor is the amount of blood sugar that will be lowered by 1 unit of rapid-acting insulin.
This should also be figured out together with your healthcare team, using trial-and-error. Meanwhile, a helpful standard formula is the 100 rule or the 1800 rule.
Blood sugar is measured in either mmol/L or mg/dL. The 100 rule is for people who use mmol/L, while the 1800 rule is for those who use mg/dL.
These rules are formulas that involve dividing 100 or 1800 by your total daily dose. Thus: 100÷ total daily dose = the number of mmol/L of blood sugar dropped by 1 unit of rapid-acting insulin.
Alternatively: 1800 ÷ total daily dose = the number of mg/dL of blood sugar dropped by 1 unit of rapid-acting insulin.
Lets say again that your total daily dose is 50, giving you the following calculation: 100 ÷ 50 = 2. This means that 1 unit of insulin lowers 2 mmol/L of blood sugar.
Alternatively, the example could be the following calculation: 1800 ÷ 50 = 36. Accordingly, 1 unit of insulin lowers 36 mg/dL of blood sugar.
How Are High Blood Sugar Levels Treated
Treating high blood sugar levels involves fixing what caused them in the first place. Your diabetes health care team will give you specific advice on how to keep your blood sugar levels in a healthy range. But here are some ways to manage the common causes of high blood sugar levels:
|Reason for High Blood Sugar Level||What to Do|
|Not getting enough insulin or other diabetes medicine||
|Not following the meal plan||
|Not getting enough exercise||
|Illness or stress||
|Use of other medicines that can increase blood sugar||
You May Like: High Blood Sugar And Chills
How Much Insulin To Give To A Diabetic Cat
· Updated May 18, 2012
How much insulin to give to a diabetic cat? Interesting question. All cats, like humans are different, so I think it is very much a case of trying an average dose for the weight and age of cat and then adjusting as necessary. As usual your veterinary surgeon is best placed to advise.
I came across a recent article on this exact question on a North Jersey News website. The person who asked the question was confused because the dosage recommended by his vet was not working and the cats blood sugar levels were going through the roof.
I have an old male cat. He was diagnosed with diabetes one month ago. For the first three weeks, I was giving him insulin twice a day. The vet said fill to the first line. Last Saturday I took him in for a check-up because he was not responding to the insulin, and found that the first line on my syringe was different than the vets. I was giving only half doses!
The owner then learnt that he was using a different type of syringe than the vets and was actually only administering half the recommended dosage. So a good lesson to learn here! Make sure you know the exact dosage to give and make sure that is what you give.
Thats whats great about how our bodies are designed. A closed loop feedback system that knows exactly how much insulin to give and when to give it.
So how much insulin to give to a diabetic cat is a great question to ask but a very difficult one to answer.
Here is a link to the article:-