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Can You Have Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes

How Does Diabetes Affect The Body

Can You Reverse Type II Diabetes?

There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2.

Both types of diabetes are chronic diseases that affect the way your body regulates blood sugar, or glucose. Glucose is the fuel that feeds your bodys cells, but to enter your cells it needs a key. Insulin is that key.

People with type 1 diabetes dont produce insulin. You can think of it as not having a key.

People with type 2 diabetes dont respond to insulin as well as they should and later in the disease often dont make enough insulin. You can think of it as having a broken key.

People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes may also experience irritability, mood changes, and unintentional weight loss.

People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes may also have numbness and tingling in their hands or feet. Good glucose management significantly reduces the risk of developing numbness and tingling in someone with type 1 diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association .

Although many of the symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are similar, they present in very different ways.

Many people with type 2 diabetes wont have symptoms for many years, and their symptoms often develop slowly over the course of time. Some people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms at all and dont discover they have the condition until complications arise.

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes may have similar names, but theyre different diseases with unique causes.

Who To Call To Help When Having Suicidal Thoughts

If you cannot reach a health care provider, please contact one of the mental health professionals we have listed on the Diabetes Advocacy resource page or contact

  • Crisis Services Canada
  • Centre for Suicide Prevention
  • Kids Help Phone
  • The Suicide Prevention Lifeline in the United States at 1 273-8255 of use their Twitter resources.

If you need immediate assistance, or go to the nearest hospital.

The post Type 1 diabetes and Suicide appeared first on Diabetes Advocacy.

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How Are They Alike

Both types of diabetes greatly increase a persons risk for a range of serious complications. Although monitoring and managing the disease can prevent complications, diabetes remains the leading cause of blindness and kidney failure. It also continues to be a critical risk factor for heart disease, stroke, and foot or leg amputations.

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Other Causes Of Diabetes

Although more than 95% of people with diabetes have type 2 or type 1, there are some other rare causes of diabetes:

  • Gestational diabetes: This is diabetes that develops when you are pregnant. After the baby is born, this diabetes may go away or remain. Having gestational diabetes increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes later.
  • Drug-induced diabetes: This occurs when a medication increases your blood glucose levels to the point of diabetes. Examples of medications that can cause diabetes include:

  • Glucocorticoids
  • Antipsychotic medications
  • Some HIV medications

In some cases, the diabetes goes away after stopping the medication. In other situations, diabetes may continue as a permanent condition.

  • Monogenetic diabetes: This is a rare form of diabetes that is caused by a mutation in a single gene. The main forms of monogenetic diabetes are neonatal diabetes mellitus , which affects newborns, and maturity-onset diabetes of the young , which usually affects teenagers or young adults.

  • Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes: People with cystic fibrosis a chronic, inherited lung disease often have problems with high blood glucose, which can lead to full-blown cystic fibrosisrelated diabetes . CFRD has features of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The pancreas produces some insulin but not enough, and the body does not respond normally to insulin. The American Diabetes Association recommends insulin as the best treatment for CFRD.
  • What Is Type 2 Diabetes


    The two types of diabetes are type 1 and type 2. Both make blood sugar levels higher than normal but they do so in different ways.

    Type 1 diabetes happens when the immune system attacks and destroys the cells of the pancreas that produce insulin. Kids with type 1 diabetes need insulin to help keep their blood sugar levels in a normal range.

    Type 2 diabetes is different. A person with type 2 diabetes still produces insulin but the body doesn’t respond to it normally. Glucose is less able to enter the cells and do its job of supplying energy . This raises the blood sugar level, so the pancreas works hard to make even more insulin. Eventually, this strain can make the pancreas unable to produce enough insulin to keep blood sugar levels normal.

    People with insulin resistance may or may not develop type 2 diabetes it all depends on whether the pancreas can make enough insulin to keep blood sugar levels normal. High blood sugar levels that happen a lot are a sign that a person has developed diabetes.

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    Causes Of Type 1 And 2 Diabetes

    Type 1 diabetes mostly starts in childhood. Its main causes include 1) Genetic factors: If someone in our family tree had diabetes, maybe your father or mother 2) Our immune system malfunction may also play a role in developing type 1 diabetes. In diabetic people with type 1, the immune system mistakes the bodys own healthy cells for foreign invaders. The immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. After these beta cells are destroyed, the body is unable to produce insulin.

    On the other hand, type 2 diabetes has different causes. Diabetic People with type 2 have insulin resistance. The body still produces insulin, but its unable to use it effectively. Youre more likely to get Type II if you:

    • Are older, especially over age 45
    • Are overweight or obese, especially if; you have belly fat
    • Have a sedentary lifestyle and dont exercise
    • Eat a lot of meat, drink sugary beverages, and dont eat much fruit, veggies, nuts, whole grains, or olive oil
    • Have a sleep problem, or work changing shifts or night shifts
    • Have high cholesterol or high triglycerides,

    What Kind Of Lifestyle Changes Can Help Reduce The Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes

    Essentially, it all comes down to a balanced, healthy diet as well as exercise and getting enough sleep. “Eating a fibre rich, plant-based diet helps to promote healthy gut bacteria and helps to reduce inflammation and oxidative stress, normalise blood sugars and lower insulin resistance,” explains Rohini.

    “Physical movement and exercise are also immensely helpful in improving tissue sensitivity to insulin, especially when undertaken after meals to dampen blood sugar swings,” she adds. “Adequate, restful sleep plays an important role in insulin sensitivity too.”

    As well as looking after your physical health, it’s important to take care of your mental health. Dr Bajekal says stress management and positive social connections, can all play a part in managing PCOS and reducing the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

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    We Know Some People Get Confused Between Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes And Were Often Asked About The Differences Between Them

    Although type 1 and type 2 diabetes both have stuff in common, there are lots of differences. Like what causes them, who they affect, and how you should manage them. There are other types of diabetes like gestational and MODY. But this page is mainly about the differences between type 1 and type 2. ;

    For a start, type 1 affects 8% of everyone with diabetes. While type 2 diabetes;affects about 90%.

    Lots of people get confused between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. This can mean you have;to explain that what works for one type doesn’t work for the other,;and that there are different causes.;;

    The main thing to remember is that both are as serious as each other. Having high blood glucose levels can lead to serious health complications, no matter whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. So if you have either condition, you need to take the right steps to manage it.;

    Risk Factors For Type 2 Diabetes

    What Is Type 1 Diabetes? | 2 Minute Guide | Diabetes UK

    You can have type 2 diabetes without any obvious warning signs or symptoms.;If you think you might be at risk for developing diabetes,;don’t ignore these risk factors.;The earlier you’re diagnosed, the sooner you can take action to stay wellnow and in the future.

    Some diabetes risk factors can be managed or reduced, while other factors may be;beyond your;control.;For example, you have a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes if you are over the age of 40 or if you have a parent, brother, or sister with diabetes. Your ethnic background is also a factor:;being of African, Arab, Asian, Hispanic, Indigenous, or South Asian descent can increase your risk of living with;type 2 diabetes.

    Having any of the following conditions increases your chances of developing diabetes:

    • high blood pressure
    • high levels of cholesterol or other fats in the blood
    • a high BMIor are overweight
    • prediabetes (impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose
    • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
    • psychiatric disorders
    • obstructive sleep apnea;
    • darkened patches of skin called;acanthosis nigricans

    Lastly, if you;have;been prescribed a glucocorticoid medication by a doctor, you;will also have an increased risk.

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    How Is Type 2 Diabetes Diagnosed

    Doctors can determine if a person has type 2 diabetes by testing blood samples for glucose. Even if a child or teen doesn’t have any symptoms of type 2 diabetes, doctors might test blood sugar in kids who are more likely to get it like those who are overweight.

    Sometimes doctors may do another blood test, called the glycosylated hemoglobin test, to check for diabetes in children at higher risk for getting type 2 diabetes. This test shows how blood sugar levels have been running over the past few months.

    If diabetes is suspected or confirmed, the doctor may refer you to a pediatric endocrinologist, a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the endocrine system in kids.

    Causes Of Type 1 Diabetes

    The bodys immune system is responsible for fighting off foreign invaders, such as harmful viruses and bacteria.

    In people with type 1 diabetes, the immune system mistakes the bodys own healthy cells for foreign invaders. The immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. After these beta cells are destroyed, the body is unable to produce insulin.

    Researchers dont know why the immune system sometimes attacks the bodys own cells. It may have something to do with genetic and environmental factors, such as exposure to viruses. Research into autoimmune diseases is ongoing.

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    How Long Can You Live With Diabetes

    It is not very uncommon to hear that diabetes will shorten the expected life of the concerned patient. But the question is: How much?

    There are different opinions about the subject. As per a few types of research conducted, diabetes can shorten life by 8.5 years in a 50-year old individual. On the other hand, Diabetes UK estimates that the expected life span of type 1 diabetic patient is reduced by more than 20 years while a type 2 diabetes patient lives 10 years shorter as compared to the healthier counterparts.

    Besides, the University of Pittsburg has estimated through various studies that people who are born after 1965 and are suffering from type 1 diabetes have a life expectancy of somewhere around 69 years.

    Having said the above, we should not forget that with proper diabetes care and management, it is very much possible to extend the total life of a diabetes patient. In the following paragraphs, we shall dive into and analyze the causes and conditions which lead to deaths in the patients who suffer from the condition.

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    What Are The Different Types Of Diabetes

    Can you Prevent Childhood Type 2 Diabetes?

    The types of diabetes are:

    • Type 1 diabetes: This type is an autoimmune disease, meaning your body attacks itself. In this case, the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas are destroyed. Up to 10% of people who have diabetes have Type 1. Its usually diagnosed in children and young adults . It was once better known as juvenile diabetes. People with Type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day. This is why it is also called insulin-dependent diabetes.
    • Type 2 diabetes: With this type, your body either doesnt make enough insulin or your bodys cells dont respond normally to the insulin. This is the most common type of diabetes. Up to 95% of people with diabetes have Type 2. It usually occurs in middle-aged and older people. Other common names for Type 2 include adult-onset diabetes and insulin-resistant diabetes. Your parents or grandparents may have called it having a touch of sugar.
    • Prediabetes: This type is the stage before Type 2 diabetes. Your blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be officially diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes.
    • Gestational diabetes: This type develops in some women during their pregnancy. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after pregnancy. However, if you have gestational diabetes you’re at higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later on in life.

    Less common types of diabetes include:

    Diabetes insipidus is a distinct rare condition that causes your kidneys to produce a large amount of urine.

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    Can You Lower The Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes

    There are many ways that women and those AFAB with PCOS can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, but as Dr Bajekal says “it’s important to treat the root cause of the issue the insulin resistance.”

    She notes: “It is possible to reverse insulin resistance, particularly in the early stages. The aim is to make the bodys cells sensitive to the action of insulin again so that the glucose gets cleared from your bloodstream and picked up by your cells more efficiently, meaning your pancreas can stop producing so much.”

    So, how exactly can you do that? “By making changes to your lifestyle you can sensitise your tissues to insulin and help avoid the longer-term effects of untreated insulin resistance which can cause type 2 diabetes,” says nutritionist Rohini Bajekal.

    Rohini continues: “Losing even small amounts of excess body weight reduces the amount of intracellular fat within the cells, making them more sensitive to insulin. This in turn lowers insulin levels and improves insulin resistance, with many noticing an improvement in their PCOS symptoms.”

    Can Type 2 Diabetes Turn Into Type 1

    If you have type 2 diabetes, you might be wondering if it will ever turn into type 1 diabetes. Its understandable that you would think about this, especially if you take insulin. In short, however, the answer is no.

    Type 1 and type 2 diabetes, two of the most common forms of diabetes, are actually two very different conditions. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, which means that the body attacks the cells in the pancreas that make insulin. As a result, someone with type 1 needs to inject insulin in order to survive. Researchers believe that genetics or environmental factors are the cause of type 1. For the most part, type 1 diabetes is more common in children, adolescents and young adults but anyone at any age can develop type 1 diabetes.

    So, type 2 diabetes does not become type 1 diabetes. But it is possible for someones type of diabetes to be misdiagnosed. In other words, someone may be told they have type 2 diabetes, but they actually have type 1 diabetes. Heres why: diabetes symptoms can be the same in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. For example, if your blood sugar is high, you may feel tired and thirsty and you might lose some weight. If you go to the doctor because of your symptoms, you may be quickly diagnosed with type 2 and prescribed a diabetes pill to take. This is more likely to happen if youre an adult and if youre overweight or obese .

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    How Can Pcos And Type 2 Diabetes Be Treated

    “PCOS is a chronic condition, so while there is no ‘cure’, making positive lifestyle changes can go a very long way in managing PCOS and its symptoms, including insulin resistance, both in the short term and longer term,” explains Dr Bajekal.

    Dr Nitu Bajekal and nutritionist Rohini Bajekal’s book, Living PCOS Free, is available for pre-order from 1st September and will be sold in all major bookshops from February 2022:

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    Calculating Your Daily Allowance

    What Is Type 2 Diabetes

    If you don’t have diabetes, the AHA recommends limiting calories from sugar to 10% of your total calories. One gram of sugar equals 4 calories.

    For a 2,000-calorie diet, that means you can have up to 50 grams of sugar from all sources per day. It’s worth noting that the World Health Organization recommends an even lower percentage: no more than 5% of total calories from sugar.

    If you have diabetes, it’s important to work with your doctor to figure out what’s right for you. Ask what percentage of your total daily calories should come from sugar. This will help you to make adjustments if you are obese and need to cut calories or if you are underweight and need to increase calories.

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